a combining kind occurring in loanwords indigenous Greek, definition “five” (Pentateuch); on this model, supplied in the development of compound words (pentavalent).

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pension plan, pensive, penstemon, penstock, pent, penta-, pentachloronitrobenzene, pentachlorophenol, pentacle, pentad, pentadactyl

Penta- is a combining form used choose a prefix meaning “five.” that is supplied in a an excellent many scientific and also other technical terms.

In chemistry, penta- is specifically provided to indicate five atoms or 5 groups of atoms in compounds, e.g., pentazocine.

Penta- originates from the Greek pénte, meaning “five.”

In Christianity, the Pentecost is a festival celebrated on the saturday Sunday after ~ Easter. In Judaism, it refers to Shavuoth, a festival the commemorates God’s giving of the Ten Commandments come Moses. Pentecost bring away its name from one more Greek word carefully related come pénte, pentēkostḗ, “fifttieth,” and was for this reason named because Jewish Pentecost is observed on the fiftieth job (Greek, pentēkostḗ hēmérā) ~ the second day that Passover.

In English poetry and also drama, iambic pentameter is a heat of verse that is composed of five metrical feet (pentameter) in i m sorry the an initial syllable is unstressed and is followed by a emphasize syllable (iambic). Shakespeare, amongst many others, most regularly wrote his theatre in iambic pentameter.

What space variants the penta-?

When merged with words or word aspects that begin with a vowel, penta- becomes pent-, as in pentane.


One example of a word you may have encountered that functions penta- is pentagon, “a polygon having 5 angles and also five sides.”

The first part of the word, penta- method “five.” The -gon portion of the word may likewise look familiar: it is a combine form meaning “angled” or “angular,” indigenous the Greek gōnía. Pentagon literally translates to “five-angled.”

Pentagon comes from the Greek pentágōnon, which attributes the equivalent form of penta- in the language.

The capital-P Pentagon, a massive building in Arlington, Virginia, containing most U.S. Defense room offices, is the shape of a pentagon.

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What are some native that usage the combining kind penta-?

What space some indigenous that usage the combining kind pent-?

What room some other creates that penta- or pent- may be generally confused with?

Not every indigenous that begins with the precise letters pent- is necessarily using the combining developing pent- to signify “five,” such as pent-up or penthouse. Unpack their history and an interpretation at ours entries because that the words.