Constitution of the United StatesPreambleArticle IBlog post IIMessage IIIMessage IVArticle VArticle VIArticle VIIAMENDMENTS
IntroductionWritten in 1787, validated in 1788, and also in procedure given that 1789, the United States Constitution is the world’s longest enduring composed charter of federal government. Its initially 3 words – “We The People” – affirm that the government of the United States exists to serve its citizens. The prominence of the world with their chosen representatives is known in Article I, which creates a Congress consisting of a dearteassociazione.org and also a Housage of Representatives. The positioning of Congress at the start of the Constitution affirms its standing as the “First Branch” of the federal federal government.The Constitution assigned to Congress obligation for arranging the executive and also judicial branches, increasing revenue, declaring battle, and making all regulations important for executing these powers. The president is allowed to veto certain legislative acts, however Congress has the authority to override presidential vetoes by two-thirds majorities of both homes. The Constitution also offers that the dearteassociazione.org advise and consent on vital executive and judicial appointments and also on the approval for ratification of treaties.For over 2 centuries the Constitution has actually remained in pressure bereason its framers successfully separated and balanced governmental powers to safeguard the interests of majority ascendancy and minority rights, of liberty and also equality, and of the federal and also state governments. More a concise statement of national principles than a in-depth arrangement of governpsychological operation, the Constitution has developed to accomplish the transforming needs of a modern-day society profoundly various from the eighteenth-century world in which its creators lived. To day, the Constitution has been amfinished 27 times, the majority of freshly in 1992. The initially ten amendments constitute the Bill of Rights. Annotated ConstitutionsThe Constitution of the USA of America: Analysis and also Interpretation (popularly recognized as the Constitution Annotated) includes legal evaluation and interpretation of the USA Constitution, based primarily on Supreme Court situation law.
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The Constitution of the USA of America, S.PUB.103-21 (1994) (PDF), prepared by the Office of the Secretary of the dearteassociazione.org via the assistance of Johnny H. Killian of the Library of Congress in 1994, gave the original text of each clause of the Constitution with an accompanying explacountry of its meaning and just how that interpretation adjusted over time.Italicized message shows words and passages of the Constitution that were adjusted or influenced by amendments.
| Preamble |
We the People of the USA, in Order to create a more perfect Union, create Justice, incertain domestic Tranquility, provide for the prevalent defense, promote the basic Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and also establish this Constitution for the USA of America.
Message ISection 1Section 2Section 3Section 4Section 5Section 6Section 7Section 8Section 9Section 10
Section 1All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the USA, which shall consist of a dearteassociazione.org and also Housage of Representatives.
The Housage of Representatives shall be composed of Members preferred every second Year by the People of the numerous States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requiwebsite for Electors of the the majority of many Branch of the State Legislature.
No Human being shall be a Representative that shall not have actually attained to the Period of twenty 5 Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the USA, and also that shall not, when chosen, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be favored.
Representatives and also direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which might be had within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be established by including to the entirety Number of complimentary Persons, consisting of those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and also excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all various other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within 3 Years after the initially Meeting of the Congress of the USA, and within eexceptionally succeeding Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for eexceptionally thirty Thousand, however each State shall have actually at Least one Representative; and also till such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitbrought about chusage 3, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island also and Providence Plantations one, Connectireduced five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delmindful one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
When vacancies occur in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall concern Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
The Housage of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and various other Officers; and also shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
The dearteassociazione.org of the USA shall be written of 2 Senators from each State, preferred by the Legislature thereof, for 6 Years; and also each Senator shall have actually one Vote.Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be separated as equally as may be right into 3 Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the 6th Year, so that one third might be liked eexceptionally second Year; and if Vacancies occur by Resigcountry, or otherwise, throughout the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make short-lived Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.
No Human shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the USA, and that shall not, as soon as elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.
The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the dearteassociazione.org, however shall have actually no Vote, unmuch less they be equally divided.
The dearteassociazione.org shall chusage their other Officers, and additionally a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.
The dearteassociazione.org shall have the single Power to attempt all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the USA is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Human being shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members existing.Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extfinish further than to removal from Office, and also disqualification to organize and gain any type of Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: however the Party convicted shall neverthemuch less be liable and topic to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and also Punishment, according to Law.
Section 4The Times, Places and also Manner of holding Elections for Senators and also Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; however the Congress may at any kind of time by Law make or change such Regulations, except regarding the Places of chutilizing Senators.The Congress shall assemble at least when in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law apallude a various Day.
Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and also Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to carry out Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and might be authorized to compel the Attendance of missing Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House might provide.Each Housage might recognize the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and also, via the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.
Each House shall save a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as might in their Judgment need Secrecy; and the Yeas and also Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present out, be gone into on the Journal.
Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the various other, adjourn for more than 3 days, nor to any type of various other Place than that in which the two Hosupplies shall be sitting.
The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and also passist out of the Treasury of the USA. They shall in all Cases, except Tfactor, Felony and also Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arremainder throughout their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and also in going to and also returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any kind of other Place.
No Senator or Representative shall, throughout the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any kind of civil Office under the Authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have actually been encreased during such time; and no Human being holding any Office under the USA, shall be a Member of either Housage in the time of his Continuance in Office.
All Bills for elevating Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the dearteassociazione.org might propose or concur through Amendments as on various other Bills.
Eexceptionally Bill which shall have actually passed the House of Representatives and also the dearteassociazione.org, shall, prior to it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States: If he provide he shall sign it, yet if not he shall rerotate it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have actually originated, who shall enter the Objections at huge on their Journal, and also proceed to rethink about it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent out, in addition to the Objections, to the other Housage, by which it shall likewise be retaken into consideration, and if apconfirmed by two thirds of that House, it shall come to be a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Hosupplies shall be determined by Yeas and also Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and also against the Bill shall be gone into on the Journal of each Housage respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have actually been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had actually signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Rerevolve, in which Case it shall not be a Law.Eincredibly Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the dearteassociazione.org and also Housage of Representatives might be important (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be apverified by him, or being disapconfirmed by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the dearteassociazione.org and Housage of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.
The Congress shall have actually Power To lay and also collect Taxes, Duties, Imshort articles and Excises, to pay the Debts and administer for the widespread Defence and also general Welfare of the United States; however all Duties, Imshort articles and also Excises shall be unicreate throughout the United States;
To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;
To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and also among the a number of States, and also with the Indian Tribes;
To develop an unicreate Rule of Naturalization, and also unidevelop Laws on the topic of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of international Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;To carry out for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and also current Coin of the United States;
To create Article Offices and post Roads;
To promote the Progress of Science and helpful Arts, by securing for restricted Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and also Discoveries;
To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;
To define and also punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and also Offences against the Law of Nations;
To declare War, give Letters of Marque and also Reprisal, and also make Rules concerning Captures on Land also and Water;To raise and support Armies, yet no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a much longer Term than two Years;To carry out and preserve a Navy;To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;
To administer for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and also repel Invasions;To carry out for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the USA, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and also the Authority of training the Militia according to the technique prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of certain States, and also the Acceptance of Congress, end up being the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise favor Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent out of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;—And
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and appropriate for transporting right into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the USA, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any kind of of the States currently existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and also eight, but a Tax or duty might be applied on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Human being.
The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspfinished, unless once in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety might need it.
No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
No Capitation, or other straight, Tax shall be laid, unless in Propercentage to the Census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.No Tax or Duty shall be lassist on Articles exported from any State.No Precommendation shall be provided by any type of Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.
No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, however in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a continuous Statement and Account of the Receipts and also Expenditures of all public Money shall be publiburned from time to time.
No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any type of Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent out of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever before, from any type of King, Prince, or international State.
Section 10No State shall enter into any type of Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; approve Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any type of Thing however gold and also silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex article facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or approve any kind of Title of Nobility.No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection Laws: and also the net Produce of all Duties and Imarticles, lassist by any kind of State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Control of the Congress.No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any kind of Covenant or Compact with an additional State, or via a foreign Power, or connect in War, unless actually got into, or in such unavoidable Danger as will certainly not admit of delay.
Message IISection 1Section 2Section 3Section 4
The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the USA of America. He shall host his Office during the Term of 4 Years, and also, in addition to the Vice President, liked for the exact same Term, be chosen, as follows:
Each State shall apsuggest, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the entirety Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State might be entitled in the Congress: yet no Senator or Representative, or Human being holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the USA, shall be appointed an Elector.
The Electors shall accomplish in their particular States, and also vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the very same State via themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and also transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the USA, directed to the President of the dearteassociazione.org. The President of the dearteassociazione.org shall, in the Presence of the dearteassociazione.org and also Housage of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Human being having the biggest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the entirety Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one that have actually such Majority, and also have an equal Number of Votes, then the Housage of Representatives shall instantly chusage by Ballot among them for President; and if no Person have actually a Majority, then from the five greatest on the List the shelp House shall in choose Manner chusage the President. But in chmaking use of the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representatives from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be essential to a Choice. In eextremely Case, after the Choice of the President, the Human having actually the biggest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if tright here should reprimary two or even more who have equal Votes, the dearteassociazione.org shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice-President.
The Congress might identify the Time of chmaking use of the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the very same throughout the USA.
No Human being except a organic born Citizen, or a Citizen of the USA, at the moment of the Adalternative of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any type of perchild be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteenager Years a Resident within the United States.
In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resigcountry, or Incapability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the sassist Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and also the Congress might by Law administer for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Incapability, both of the President and also Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, till the Disability be rerelocated, or a President shall be elected.
The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminimelted during the Period for which he shall have been chosen, and he shall not obtain within that Period any kind of other Emolument from the USA, or any of them.
Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the complying with Oath or Affirmation:—"I perform solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithcompletely execute the Office of President of the United States, and also will certainly to the ideal of my Ability, preserve, safeguard and safeguard the Constitution of the United States."
The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Military and also Navy of the USA, and of the Militia of the numerous States, when referred to as into the actual Service of the United States; he may need the Opinion, in writing, of the primary Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their corresponding Offices, and he shall have actually Power to Grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences versus the United States, other than in Cases of Impeachment.
He shall have Power, by and also via the Advice and also Consent out of the dearteassociazione.org, to make Treaties, gave 2 thirds of the Senators current concur; and also he shall nominate, and also by and with the Advice and Consent out of the dearteassociazione.org, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and also Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and also all various other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise gave for, and which shall be established by Law: yet the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think appropriate, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
The President shall have actually Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the dearteassociazione.org, by approving Comobjectives which shall expire at the End of their following Session.
He shall from time to time offer to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommfinish to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge important and expedient; he may, on extrasimple Occasions, convene both Hoprovides, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall obtain Ambassadors and also various other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithtotally executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the USA.
The President, Vice President and also all Civil Officers of the United States, shall be rerelocated from Office on Impeachment for, and also Conviction of, Tfactor, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.
Message IIISection 1Section 2Section 3
The judicial Power of the USA, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress might from time to time ordain and also establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall host their Offices throughout excellent Behaviour, and also shall, at declared Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminimelted in the time of their Continuance in Office.
The judicial Power shall extfinish to all Cases, in Law and also Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the USA, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;—to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public ministers and also Consuls;—to all Cases of admiralty and also maritime Jurisdiction;—to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party;—to Controversies in between two or more States;—in between a State and also Citizens of an additional State;—between Citizens of various States;—between Citizens of the exact same State claiming Lands under Grants of various States, and also between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and international States, Citizens or Subjects.
In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have actually original Jurisdiction. In all the various other Cases before stated, the supreme Court shall have actually appellate Jurisdiction, both regarding Law and Fact, via such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
The Trial of all Crimes, other than in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and also such Trial shall be held in the State where the shelp Crimes shall have been committed; yet when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.
Tfactor versus the USA, shall consist only in levying War versus them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and also Comfort. No Human shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of 2 Witnesses to the exact same overt Act, or on Confession in open up Court.The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, however no Attainder of Treason shall occupational Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture other than throughout the Life of the Human being attainted.
Blog post IVSection 1Section 2Section 3Section 4
Full Faith and also Credit shall be provided in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of eextremely other State. And the Congress might by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and also Proceedings shall be showed, and the Effect thereof.
The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and also Immunities of Citizens in the a number of States.
A Human charged in any type of State through Treason, Felony, or various other Crime, that shall flee from Justice, and be uncovered in an additional State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having actually Jurisdiction of the Crime.
No Person hosted to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping right into an additional, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.
New States might be admitted by the Congress into this Union; yet no new State shall be created or put up within the Jurisdiction of any type of other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of 2 or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States came to as well as of the Congress.
The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or various other Property belonging to the United States; and nopoint in this Constitution shall be so construed regarding Prejudice any Claims of the USA, or of any kind of specific State.
The United States shall guarantee to eextremely State in this Union a Republideserve to Form of Government, and also shall safeguard each of them versus Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (as soon as the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.
Article VThe Congress, whenever before two thirds of both Hooffers shall deem it vital, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of 2 thirds of the a number of States, shall contact a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, once ratified by the Legislatures of 3 fourths of the a number of States, or by Conventions in 3 fourths thereof, as the one or the various other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and also eight shall in any type of Manner impact the first and also fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the initially Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the dearteassociazione.org.
Post VIAll Debts contracted and also Engagements gone into into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.This Constitution, and also the Laws of the USA which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and also the Judges in eexceptionally State shall be bound thereby, any type of Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any state to the Contrary notwithstanding.The Senators and also Representatives before stated, and the Members of the a number of State Legislatures, and also all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the a number of States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to assistance this Constitution; however no spiritual Test shall ever before be compelled as a Qualification to any kind of Office or public Trust under the United States.
Blog post VIIThe Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be adequate for the Establishment of this Constitution in between the States so ratifying the Same.
Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand salso hundred and Eighty salso and of the Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth In Witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names,
And deputy from Virginia
New Hampshire John Langdon
Massachusetts Nathaniel Gorham
Connectireduced Wm. Saml. Johnson
New York Alexander Hamilton
New Jersey Wil: Livingston
Pennsylvania B Franklin
Delaware Geo: Read
Gunning Bedford jun
Maryland James McHenry
Dan of St. Thos. Jenifer
Virginia John Blair—
James Madiboy Jr.
North Carolina Wm. Blount
Richd. Dobbs Spaight
South Carolina J. Rutledge
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
Georgia William Few
Attest William Jackkid Secretary
AMENDMENTSAmendment I (1791)Amendment II (1791)Amendment III (1791)Amendment IV (1791)Amendment V (1791)Amendment VI (1791)Amendment VII (1791)Amendment VIII (1791)Amendment IX (1791)Amendment X (1791)Amendment XI (1795/1798)Amendment XII (1804)Amendment XIII (1865)Amendment XIV (1868)Amendment XV (1870)Amendment XVI (1913)Amendment XVII (1913)Amendment XVIII (1919)Amendment XIX (1920)Amendment XX (1933)Amendment XXI (1933)Amendment XXII (1951)Amendment XXIII (1961)Amendment XXIV (1964)Amendment XXV (1967)Amendment XXVI (1971)Amendment XXVII (1992)
Amendment I (1791)Congress shall make no legislation respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the cost-free exercise thereof; or abridging the liberty of speech, or of the press; or the ideal of the people peaceably to assemble, and also to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Amendment II (1791) A well regulated Militia, being important to the protection of a totally free State, the best of the people to save and also bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
Amendment III (1791)
No Soldier shall, in time of tranquility be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, yet in a manner to be prescribed by law.
Amendment IV (1791)The ideal of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, documents, and also effects, versus unreasonable searcs and seizures, shall not be violated, and also no Warrants shall worry, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and especially describing the location to be searched, and also the persons or things to be seized.
Amendment V (1791)No perboy shall be held to answer for a resources, or otherwise inrenowned crime, unmuch less on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in situations arising in the land also or naval pressures, or in the Militia, when in actual business in time of War or public danger; nor shall any perkid be topic for the very same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any type of criminal case to be a witness versus himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or home, without due procedure of law; nor shall exclusive home be taken for public usage, without just compensation.
Amendment VI (1791)In all criminal prosecutions, the accsupplied shall gain the ideal to a speedy and also public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have actually been committed, which district shall have actually been formerly ascertained by legislation, and also to be increated of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be challenged via the witnesses against him; to have compulsory procedure for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and also to have the Aid of Counsel for his defence.
Amendment VII (1791)In Suits at prevalent regulation, wright here the value in debate shall exceed twenty dollars, the best of trial by jury shall be kept, and also no reality tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any kind of Court of the USA, than according to the rules of the prevalent law.
Amendment VIII (1791)Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines enforced, nor cruel and also unusual punishments inflicted.
Amendment IX (1791)The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be understood to deny or disparage others preserved by the world.
Amendment X (1791)The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are scheduled to the States respectively, or to the world.
Amendment XI (1795/1798)The Judicial power of the United States shall not be interpreted to extend to any suit in legislation or equity, commenced or prosecuted versus among the United States by Citizens of an additional State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any kind of Foreign State.
Amendment XII (1804)
The Electors shall satisfy in their respective claims and vote by ballot for President and also Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the very same state through themselves; they shall name in their ballots the perboy voted for as President, and also in distinctive ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and also they shall make distinctive lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall authorize and certify, and transmit seacaused the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the dearteassociazione.org;—The President of the dearteassociazione.org shall, in the visibility of the dearteassociazione.org and also Housage of Representatives, open all the certificates and also the votes shall then be counted;—The person having actually the best Number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the totality number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest possible numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in picking the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the says, and a bulk of all the states shall be necessary to an option. And if the Housage of Representatives shall not pick a President whenever the best of option shall devolve upon them, prior to the fourth day of March next complying with, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or various other constitutional discapability of the President—The perboy having actually the biggest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a bulk of the totality variety of Electors appointed, and if no perboy have a majority, then from the two greatest numbers on the list, the dearteassociazione.org shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the function shall consist of two-thirds of the totality number of Senators, and also a bulk of the entirety number shall be important to a selection. But no perchild constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the USA.
Amendment XIII (1865)Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, other than as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the USA, or any type of location subject to their jurisdiction.Section 2. Congress shall have actually power to enpressure this write-up by appropriate legislation.
Amendment XIV (1868)Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and also topic to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the USA and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any kind of State deprive any kind of person of life, liberty, or building, without due process of law; nor deny to any type of perkid within its jurisdiction the equal defense of the regulations.Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their particular numbers, counting the entirety variety of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But once the best to vote at any type of election for the choice of electors for President and also Vice President of the USA, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial policemans of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any type of of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the USA, or in any type of means alinked, other than for participation in rebellion, or various other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be diminished in the propercent which the variety of such male citizens shall bear to the entirety variety of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.Section 3. No perkid shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any type of office, civil or armed forces, under the USA, or under any State, who, having formerly taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the USA, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to assistance the Constitution of the USA, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion versus the very same, or provided help or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress might by a vote of two-thirds of each House, rerelocate such disability.Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the USA, authorized by law, consisting of debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be doubted. But neither the United States nor any type of State shall assume or pay any type of debt or obligation incurred in help of insurrection or rebellion versus the United States, or any case for the loss or emancipation of any slave; yet all such debts, obligations and also claims shall be hosted illegal and void.Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enpressure, by appropriate law, the provisions of this article.
Amendment XV (1870)Section 1. The right of citizens of the USA to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, shade, or previous condition of servitude.Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enpressure this write-up by proper regulation.
Amendment XVI (1913)The Congress shall have power to lay and also collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source acquired, without apportionment among the several States, and also without regard to any kind of census or enumeration.
Amendment XVII (1913)The dearteassociazione.org of the USA shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the human being thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have actually the qualifications requisite for electors of the most countless branch of the State legislatures.When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the dearteassociazione.org, the executive authority of such State shall concern writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any kind of State might empower the executive thereof to make momentary appointments till the human being fill the vacancies by election as the legislature might straight.This amendment shall not be so taken regarding influence the election or term of any Senator liked before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.
Amendment XVIII (1919)Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this short article the manufacture, sale, or transport of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and also all region subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage functions is hereby prohibited.
Section 2. The Congress and also the numerous States shall have actually conexisting power to enpressure this post by proper legislation.
Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have actually been validated as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the a number of States, as offered in the Constitution, within salso years from the day of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Amendment XIX (1920)
The right of citizens of the USA to vote shall not be denied or alinked by the USA or by any State on account of sex.Congress shall have actually power to enpressure this short article by correct law.
Amendment XX (1933)Section 1. The regards to the President and also Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the regards to Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have actually ended if this article had not been ratified; and the regards to their successors shall then begin.Section 2. The Congress shall assemble at least when in yearly, and also such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by regulation apallude a different day.Section 3. If, at the time resolved for the start of the term of the President, the President elect shall have actually died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the moment fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have actually faibrought about qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President till a President shall have actually qualified; and the Congress may by regulation administer for the instance wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, heralding who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one that is to act shall be schosen, and also such perkid shall act as necessary till a President or Vice President shall have actually qualified.Section 4. The Congress may by regulation carry out for the instance of the death of any type of of the persons from whom the House of Representatives might pick a President whenever the ideal of choice shall have dadvanced upon them, and for the situation of the fatality of any of the persons from whom the dearteassociazione.org may choose a Vice President whenever before the best of alternative shall have dprogressed upon them.Section 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take result on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this short article.Section 6. This write-up shall be inoperative unmuch less it shall have actually been validated as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within salso years from the date of its submission.
Amendment XXI (1933)Section 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the USA is hereby repealed.Section 2. The transport or importation right into any type of State, Territory, or possession of the USA for distribution or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the legislations thereof, is hereby prohibited.Section 3. This post shall be inoperative unless it shall have actually been validated as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as offered in the Constitution, within salso years from the day of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Amendment XXII (1951)Section 1. No perkid shall be chosen to the office of the President more than twice, and no perboy that has actually organized the office of President, or acted as President, for more than 2 years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be chosen to the office of the President even more than once. But this Blog post shall not apply to any kind of perkid holding the office of President, as soon as this Message was proposed by the Congress, and shall not proccasion any perkid who might be holding the office of President, or acting as President, throughout the term within which this Post becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.Section 2. This article shall be inoperative unmuch less it shall have been validated as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the a number of States within salso years from the date of its entry to the States by the Congress.
Amendment XXIII (1961)Section 1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the USA shall appoint in such manner as the Congress might direct:A variety of electors of President and Vice President equal to the totality number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would certainly be entitled if it were a State, yet in no event more than the least populated State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be taken into consideration, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and also perform such duties as gave by the twelfth write-up of amendment.Section 2. The Congress shall have actually power to enpressure this article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment XXIV (1964)Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any major or various other election for President or Vice President for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the USA or any type of State by reason of faiattract to pay any type of poll taxes or other taxes.Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enpressure this article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment XXV (1967)Section 1. In instance of the removal of the President from office or of his fatality or resigcountry, the Vice President shall become President.Section 2. Whenever tright here is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a bulk vote of both Hoprovides of Congress.Section 3. Whenever before the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the dearteassociazione.org and the Speaker of the Housage of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and also till he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and also duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.Section 4. Whenever before the Vice President and a bulk of either the principal policemans of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by legislation administer, transmit to the President pro tempore of the dearteassociazione.org and also the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and also duties of his office, the Vice President shall instantly assume the powers and also duties of the office as Acting President.Thereafter, once the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the dearteassociazione.org and also the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no incapacity exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unmuch less the Vice President and a majority of either the major officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress might by legislation provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the dearteassociazione.org and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the concern, assembling within forty-eight hours for that function if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the last composed declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is forced to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Hoprovides that the President is unable to discharge the powers and also duties of his office, the Vice President shall proceed to discharge the exact same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and also duties of his office.
Amendment XXVI (1971)Section 1. The appropriate of citizens of the United States, that are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or alinked by the United States or by any State on account of age.Section 2. The Congress shall have actually power to enforce this post by appropriate regulation.
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Amendment XXVII (1992)No regulation varying the compensation for the solutions of the Senators and also Representatives shall take impact, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.