3.4 rule of the Road

Rules of the road are administrate by the Collision Regulations. Castle spell out which vessel is the Stand-On Vessel and which ship is the Give-Way Vessel.

You are watching: When a sailboat overtakes a powerboat which is the stand on vessel

They also explain actions come take because that crossing, meeting and overtaking situations.

Every pleasure watercraft operator who have to give-way to an additional vessel, that means the operator who needs to move, must take "early and substantial action to protect against a collision."

The stand-on vessel have to "maintain course and speed."

Danger (Give-Way) Zone


The eco-friendly sector on your boat, the sector identified by your eco-friendly sidelight, is your hazard Zone or your Give-Way Zone.

This extends indigenous the centreline on your bow (dead ahead) to 22.5º abaft the starboard beam, or 112.5º native the bow, along your starboard side.

When an additional skipper look at your environment-friendly light, he has the right of way...green for go. As soon as you have a watercraft in your green sector, you need to take early and substantial activity to protect against collision.


There are several exceptions to this rule.

The operator that a pleasure handmade of much less than 20m in length, or a pleasure cruising craft, shall not impede the i of vessels which can navigate safely only within a narrow channel.

This normally refers to large ships or commercial ship making way in a small channel wherein they have no room come manoeuvre. Ships might remind you of this dominance by offering five quick blasts the its horn.

Ships might remind you of this dominion by providing five short blasts of its horn.

The operator that a pleasure craft much less than 20m in length or a pleasure sailing craft, shall no impede the for sure passage the a power moved vessel adhering to a web traffic lane.The operator that a power driven craft shall take it early and also substantial activity to avoid any kind of vessel engaged in fishing, or any kind of sailing vessels.The operator that a pleasure cruising craft shall take early and substantial activity to avoid any type of vessel involved in fishing.

Sound signals & Rules for Overtaking & Crossing

Every pleasure handmade of less than 12m shall lug an efficient sound signalling device. It is used in overtaking and crossing situations and also in periods of lessened visibility.


The Stand-On vessel maintains course and speed. The Give-Way Vessel have to take early and substantial activity to stop the Stand-On Vessel.

In the diagram above Vessel 1 is the overcome or, Give-Way Vessel. It can overtake ship 2, on either side.

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They will certainly sound the complying with signals:

I desire to happen on her starboard side: One brief BlastProceed: One brief BlastI want to happen on her Port Side: Two short BlastsProceed: Two quick Blasts

If one of two people vessel operator is no clear about the intentions of the various other vessel operator in any type of situation, the operator need to sound five quick blasts.