The tone of a story or a book is the mood or emotion that the writer enforces in a story. It can be created by the words (diction), the setting or the sentence structure. The way a story"s tone is, both effects the readers feelings and the story"s effect. Some examples of how the tone can effect the reader would be:" The moon was glimmering and the trees were swaying in the cool breeze. The sound it made was peaceful, like the calming rush of the oceans waves. I walked through the park, the tall lamps illuminating the path with a soft and warm glow. " -RhiannonThis first example is almost quiet and calm.Now lets change some words and descriptions..." The moon was high in the sky a glowed with a pale and ghostly light. The wind was cold and it blew the leaves in the trees wildly, creating a sound much like the raging waves in a storm controlled sea. I walked down this empty and eerie path. The tall lamps standing high above me like glaring black skeletons, the light they projected cast long dark shadows that reached out to grab at their passing victims. "-RhiannonSo this is the same place and the same situation but with a different tone. The difference a tone can have in a story can completely change the course of the story. And it sets the readers mood.Examples of tone in Harrison Bergeron:

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"It was tragic, all right, but George and Hazel couldn"t think about it very hard. Hazel had a perfectly average intelligence, which meant she couldn"t think about anything except in short bursts. And George, while his intelligence was way above normal, had a little mental handicap radio in his ear. He was required by law to wear it at all times. It was tuned to a government transmitter. Every twenty seconds or so, the transmitter would send out some sharp noise to keep people like George from taking unfair advantage of their brains." (Vonnegut,
pg 1)
This describes the tone in a indirect way. Using descriptive and interesting language, Vonnegut created a isolated, twisted, cruel and complicated tone.
"And she had to apologize at once for her voice, which was a very unfair voice for a woman to use. Her voice was a warm, luminous, timeless melody. "Excuse me-" she said, and she began again, making her voice absolutely uncompetitive." (Vonnegut, pg 4)

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This gives us an idea of how the tone of the story is also, revealing how life is for the people of the year 2081. How people must mask who they are inorder for the rest of the world to feel "comfortable" with themselves.