You are watching: What is the main circuit board inside the computer called
The central processing unit (CPU), likewise called a processor, is located inside the computer instance on the motherboard. That is sometimes referred to as the mind of the computer, and its project is to lug out commands. Whenever you push a key, click the mouse, or start an application, you"re sending out instructions come the CPU.
RAM is her system"s short-lived memory. Anytime your computer performs calculations, the temporarily shop the data in the RAM until it is needed.
The tough drive is where your software, documents, and also other files are stored. The tough drive is permanent storage, which way the data is still saved also if you revolve the computer system off or unplug it.
The strength supply unit in a computer system converts the power from the wall outlet to the type of power required by the computer. It sends power with cables to the motherboard and also other components.
Most computer systems have expansion slots ~ above the motherboard that enable you to include various types of development cards. These room sometimes dubbed PCI (peripheral ingredient interconnect) cards. You may never need to include any PCI cards since most motherboards have integrated video, sound, network, and other capabilities.
The video clip card is responsible for what you view on the monitor. Most computer systems have a GPU (graphics processing unit) developed into the motherboard instead of having a separate video card.
The sound card—also dubbed an audio card—is responsible for what girlfriend hear in the speaker or headphones. Most motherboards have integrated sound, but you deserve to upgrade to a devoted sound map for higher-quality sound.
See more: How Far From Oklahoma City To Las Vegas To Oklahoma City, How Far Is Las Vegas From Oklahoma City
Bluetooth is a an innovation for wireless interaction over quick distances. It"s frequently used in computer systems to communicate with wireless keyboards, mice, and printers. It"s commonly built into the motherboard or contained in a wireless network card. For computers that don"t have actually Bluetooth, you deserve to purchase a USB adapter, often called a dongle.