element 16 of periodic table is Sulfur v atomic number 16, atomic load 32.065. Sulfur, symbol S, has actually a Face centered Orthorhombic structure and Yellow color. Sulfur is a other nonmetal element. Trivial name of Sulfur is chalcogens*. Understand everything around Sulfur Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Sulfur or sulphur (see spelling differences) is a chemical element with symbol S and also atomic number 16. That is one abundant, multivalent non-metal. Under common conditions, sulfur atoms kind cyclic octatomic molecules with chemical formula S8.
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Read an essential information and facts about element Sulfur
|team in periodic Table||16|
|Group Name||oxygen family|
|duration in regular Table||3|
|Block in routine Table||p-block|
|Melting allude||115.21 °C|
|Boiling allude||444.72 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 8, 6>|
How to situate Sulfur on routine Table
Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is exact same as number of electrons. The atomic number rises from left come right. Routine table starts at peak left ( atomic number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). As such you can straight look for atomic number 16 to discover Sulfur on periodic table.
Another way to read periodic table and also locate an facet is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To situate Sulfur on regular table look because that cross ar of group 16 and duration 3 in the modern periodic table.
explore Interactive regular Table to Understand and also Learn Cool patterns
Table that Contents
Atomic & orbital Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Sulfur with various other elements
The element Sulfur was found by old china in year 500 BC in unknown ar . Sulfur obtained its surname from the Latin word sulphur, "fire and also brimstone"
Sulfur Presence: diversity in Nature and also Around Us
The table below shows the diversity of Sulfur in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|variety in cosmos||0.0005|
|diversity in sunlight||0.0004|
|diversity in Meteorites||0.04|
|Abundance in Earth"s late||0.00042|
|diversity in oceans||0.00093|
|diversity in human beings||0.002|
Crystal framework of Sulfur
The solid state framework of Sulfur is Face focused Orthorhombic.
The crystal structure can be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in 3 dimensional space to type the structure.
Unit cell Parameters
The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which room the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).
The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a recommendation lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the decision are explained by the principle of an are groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of corpuscle in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.
|space Group surname||Fddd|| |
|an are Group Number||70|
|Crystal structure||Face centered Orthorhombic|
Sulfur Atomic and also Orbital Properties
Sulfur atoms have actually 16 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 6> through Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2.
|Number of electrons (with no charge)||16|
|Number of Protons||16|
|Number of Neutrons||16|
|Shell structure (Electrons per power level)||<2, 8, 6>|
|Valence Electrons||3s2 3p4|
|Oxidation State||-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5;6|
|Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3P2|
Shell framework of Sulfur - electrons per power level
Ground State electronic Configuration that Sulfur - neutral Sulfur atomThe ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Sulfur atom is
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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Sulfur
Complete floor state digital configuration because that the Sulfur atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Atomic framework of Sulfur
Sulfur atomic radius is 88 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 102 pm.
|atomic Radius|| |
88 pm (0.88 Å)
|Atomic Volume||16.3596938776 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||102 pm (1.02 Å)|
|van der Waals Radius||180 pm|
|spirit Cross ar||0.52 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum the Sulfur
Sulfur chemistry Properties: Sulfur Ionization Energies and electron affinity
The electron affinity of Sulfur is 200 kJ/mol
Ionization energy of Sulfur
Refer to table below for Ionization energies the Sulfur
Sulfur physics Properties
Refer to below table for Sulfur physics Properties
|Molar Volume||16.3596938776 cm3|
|bulk Modulus||7.7 GPa|
Hardness that Sulfur - exam to measure of Hardness the Element
|Mohs Hardness||2 MPa|
Sulfur electric Properties
Sulfur is Insulator of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties that Sulfur
|electric Conductivity||1×10-15 S/m|
|Resistivity||1×1015 m Ω|
Sulfur Heat and also Conduction Properties
|heat Conductivity||0.205 W/(m K)|
Sulfur Magnetic Properties
|mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-6.2×10-9|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.99×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.22e-05|
Optical nature of Sulfur
Acoustic nature of Sulfur
|speed of Sound||N/A|
Sulfur heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics
Refer to table below for thermal properties of Sulfur
|Melting point||388.36 K (115.21 °C)|
|Boiling allude||717.87 K (444.72 °C)|
|an essential Temperature||1314 K|
Enthalpies the Sulfur
|warm of blend||1.73 kJ/mol|
|warm of Vaporization||9.8 kJ/mol|
|heat of combustion||"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)|
Sulfur isotopes - nuclear Properties that Sulfur
Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally developing Sulfur has 4 secure isotope - 32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.
Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
|RTECS Number||RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|period Hazard class||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|period Numbers||"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"|
|EU Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA Fire Rating||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA dangers||N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A|
|NFPA health Rating||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
perform of distinct identifiers to find the aspect in various chemical it is registered databases
|CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts business (CAS)||CAS7704-34-9|
|CID Number||CID5362487, CID5460602, CID139340, CID139602, CID66348, CID66348|
|Gmelin Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NSC Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|RTECS Number||RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|