element 16 of periodic table is Sulfur v atomic number 16, atomic load 32.065. Sulfur, symbol S, has actually a Face centered Orthorhombic structure and Yellow color. Sulfur is a other nonmetal element. Trivial name of Sulfur is chalcogens*. Understand everything around Sulfur Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


Sulfur or sulphur (see spelling differences) is a chemical element with symbol S and also atomic number 16. That is one abundant, multivalent non-metal. Under common conditions, sulfur atoms kind cyclic octatomic molecules with chemical formula S8.

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Sulfur Facts

Read an essential information and facts about element Sulfur

surname Sulfur
atom Number 16
atom Symbol S
Atomic weight 32.065
phase Solid
shade Yellow
Classification other nonmetal
team in periodic Table 16
Group Name oxygen family
duration in regular Table 3
Block in routine Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p4
Melting allude 115.21 °C
Boiling allude 444.72 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 6>
CAS Number CAS7704-34-9

How to situate Sulfur on routine Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus which is exact same as number of electrons. The atomic number rises from left come right. Routine table starts at peak left ( atomic number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). As such you can straight look for atomic number 16 to discover Sulfur on periodic table.

Another way to read periodic table and also locate an facet is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To situate Sulfur on regular table look because that cross ar of group 16 and duration 3 in the modern periodic table.

explore Interactive regular Table to Understand and also Learn Cool patterns

Table that Contents

Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Sulfur with various other elements

Sulfur History

The element Sulfur was found by old china in year 500 BC in unknown ar . Sulfur obtained its surname from the Latin word sulphur, "fire and also brimstone"

Sulfur Presence: diversity in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Sulfur in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in cosmos 0.0005
diversity in sunlight 0.0004
diversity in Meteorites 0.04
Abundance in Earth"s late 0.00042
diversity in oceans 0.00093
diversity in human beings 0.002

Crystal framework of Sulfur

The solid state framework of Sulfur is Face focused Orthorhombic.

The crystal structure can be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in 3 dimensional space to type the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which room the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
1043.7 1284.5 2436.9 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are explained by the principle of an are groups. All possible symmetric arrangements of corpuscle in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group surname Fddd
an are Group Number 70
Crystal structure Face centered Orthorhombic

Sulfur Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Sulfur atoms have actually 16 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 6> through Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2.

atom Number 16
Number of electrons (with no charge) 16
Number of Protons 16
Mass Number 32
Number of Neutrons 16
Shell structure (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 6>
Electron configuration 3s2 3p4
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p4
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3;4;5;6
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2

Shell framework of Sulfur - electrons per power level


Ground State electronic Configuration that Sulfur - neutral Sulfur atom

The ground state electronic configuration of Neutral Sulfur atom is 3s2 3p4. The section of Sulfur configuration the is equivalent to the noble gas the the preceding period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with many electrons, this notation deserve to become an extensive and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is essential as it is the Valence electron 3s2 3p4, electron in the outermost covering that recognize the chemistry properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Sulfur

Complete floor state digital configuration because that the Sulfur atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4

Atomic framework of Sulfur

Sulfur atomic radius is 88 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 102 pm.

atomic Radius

88 pm (0.88 Å)

Atomic Volume 16.3596938776 cm3
Covalent Radius 102 pm (1.02 Å)
van der Waals Radius 180 pm
spirit Cross ar 0.52 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Sulfur


Sulfur chemistry Properties: Sulfur Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of Sulfur is 200 kJ/mol

Valence 6
Electronegativity 2.58
ElectronAffinity 200 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Sulfur

Refer to table below for Ionization energies the Sulfur

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 999.6
2 2252
3 3357
4 4556
5 7004.3
6 8495.8
7 27107
8 31719
9 36621
10 43177

Sulfur physics Properties

Refer to below table for Sulfur physics Properties

thickness 1.96 g/cm3
Molar Volume 16.3596938776 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
bulk Modulus 7.7 GPa
Poisson ratio N/A

Hardness that Sulfur - exam to measure of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness 2 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Sulfur electric Properties

Sulfur is Insulator of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties that Sulfur

electric Conductivity 1×10-15 S/m
Resistivity 1×1015 m Ω
Superconducting suggest N/A

Sulfur Heat and also Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 0.205 W/(m K)
Thermal growth N/A

Sulfur Magnetic Properties

Magnetic kind Diamagnetic
Curie point N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -6.2×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.99×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.22e-05

Optical nature of Sulfur

Refractive index 1.001111

Acoustic nature of Sulfur

speed of Sound N/A

Sulfur heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer to table below for thermal properties of Sulfur

Melting point 388.36 K (115.21 °C)
Boiling allude 717.87 K (444.72 °C)
an essential Temperature 1314 K
Superconducting suggest N/A

Enthalpies the Sulfur

warm of blend 1.73 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 9.8 kJ/mol
heat of combustion "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)

Sulfur isotopes - nuclear Properties that Sulfur

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally developing Sulfur has 4 secure isotope - 32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.

Isotope Isotope massive % abundance T half Decay mode
32S 94.93% steady N/A
33S 0.76% stable N/A
34S 4.29% secure N/A
36S 0.02% secure N/A

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7704-34-9
RTECS Number RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
period Hazard class N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
period Numbers "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"
EU Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA dangers N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
NFPA health Rating N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinct identifiers to find the aspect in various chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7704-34-9
CID Number CID5362487, CID5460602, CID139340, CID139602, CID66348, CID66348
Gmelin Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NSC Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
RTECS Number RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A

Compare Sulfur v all Group 16 elements

Sulfur vs Oxygen Sulfur vs Selenium Sulfur vs Tellurium Sulfur vs Polonium Sulfur vs Livermorium

Compare Sulfur with all other nonmetal elements

Sulfur vs Hydrogen Sulfur vs Carbon Sulfur vs Nitrogen Sulfur vs Oxygen Sulfur vs Phosphorus Sulfur vs Selenium