Rajan is a botany and also chemistry major. That has functioned as a poultry breeder for 23 years, reproduction layer and broiler parents.

You are watching: What is singhara called in english


Singhara is a black-colored fruit v a white seed, as seen in this photograph.

Under unique permission indigenous the licence holder Marisa y angel at flickr.com

English Name: Water chestnut or caltrop

Bengali Name: Singhara

About Indian Water Chestnut

Water chestnut or caltrop is one aquatic plant belonging to the genus Trapa. The edible part is in reality a large seed, which is surrounding by one odd-looking fruit.

Water chestnuts come from three aquatic plants:

Trapa bicornis gives the ling or horn nut.Trapa natans gives the trapa or Jesuit nut.Trapa bispinosa offers the singhara nut.

Each plant's fruit is dubbed water chestnut, however they are morphologically different from one another.

The Chinese water chestnut is indigenous a various plant, Eleocharis dulcis, which gives an edible corm. A corm is a little underground stem that becomes bulbous. Chinese water chestnuts space not nuts, fruit, or seeds, yet aquatic vegetables.


Nutrients are per 100 grams the Indian water chestnut.


48,2 grans


3.4 grams


0.2 grams


32.1 grams


3.3 grams



Dietary fiber

14.9 grams


17.6 grams


0.4 grams


0.7 grams


0.8 grams


468 milligrams


Health services of Water Chestnut (Singhara)

Singhara is widely supplied in Ayurvedic and also Unani systems of medicine and is provided to law stomach, liver, kidney, and spleen ailments. It is a bitter, astringent, diuretic, and also antiseptic plant.

Some of the reported wellness benefits are:

It is a cooling food, appropriate to respond to summer heat.The juice relieves nausea and also can improve the appetite.A dough of the seed helps to act cracked heels.The acrid juice is offered to regulate diarrhoea and dysentery.Powdered singhara relieves cough.The fruit to reduce inflammation and may act as an aphrodisiac.Applied regularly, singhara seed powder, blended with lemon juice, will assist treat eczema.

Nutrition services

Gluten-freeLow in fatCholesterol-freeLow in sodiumHigh in potassiumRich in minerals, including calcium, iron, zinc, and phosphorusContains moderate amounts of fibreGood source of energy

Culinary uses for Singhara

The nuts can be eaten raw, despite they space usually boiled. When they space dried, they deserve to be milled into a flour referred to as singhara atta, or chestnut flour, i m sorry is offered to make Indian roti or flatbread.

This flour is supplied to prepare foodstuffs for spiritual festivals, consisting of Navratri. It is an enabled food during fasting days since it is no made of grain. The ready of 2 such dishes, singhara poori, and also singhara roti, 2 varieties of Indian bread, deserve to be watched in the videos below.

The flour is also added to milk to make milk creamier and it have the right to be provided to do the batter because that deep-frying.

How come Knead Singhara Dough and Make Singhara Roti (Navratri Festival Recipe)

Some Precautions

Don't eat singhara if you're constipated. Also, don't consume in excess, together these seed can reason bloating and ab pain.

About the Indian Water Chestnut Plant

Water chestnuts cultivated in India space a details variety. They have rough, special skins. Lock aren't specifically good-looking and also have a huge white seed.

The tree grows in ponds, marshes, and also lakes. The top leaves to rise on the surface, while the rest of the plant stays submerged.

The petioles, or sheet stalks, organize air to aid keep the upper leaves afloat. The plant has actually two types of roots: One that fixes the plant to the muddy substrate and also a second that is attached come the underside of the leaves and also floats free. These roots have photosynthetic activity.

The flowers open over the water surface. ~ pollination, they submerge us so that the fruit can develop. The fruit is always found under the leaves, and when the is mature, that drops turn off on the own and can be fished out v a net.

Singhara grows in 3 colours: green, red, and also a blend of these 2 colours. The fruit is oddly shaped. They have in between two and four short, thick, dull projections jutting out from the thick seed coat, i m sorry is tough to remove. It have the right to be either be sliced off right into two pieces or gotten rid of by hand ~ the seeds is boiled. Take care, due to the fact that the seeds coat deserve to colour the hand black when the fruit is handled.

The seeds are triangular and also thick. They have a mild, sweet taste.

Singhara has actually been cultivated in India for at the very least 3,000 years. One deserve to see roadside merchants hawking the raw or boiled fruit as soon as it is in season. It is also cultivated in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Thailand, China, Taiwan, and Australia.


The information listed in this hub is not a instead of for experienced medical advice. Please consult your medical professional or health treatment provider prior to taking any type of home release or additionally or beginning a brand-new health regime.

Sources Cited

Adkar, P., Dongare, A., Ambavade, S., & Bhaskar, V. H. (2014, February 10). Trapa bispinosa Roxb.: A testimonial on Nutritional and Pharmacological Aspects. Recall November 17, 2017, native https://www.hindawi.com/journals/aps/2014/959830/Alfasane, Md. Almujaddade, Moniruzzaman Khonder, M. Mahbubar Rahman. Room of Botany, university of Dhaka, Dhaka‐1000, Bangladesh. Biochemical composition of the fruits of Water Chestnut (Trapa bispinosa Roxb.). Dhaka Univ. J. Biol. Sci. 20(1): 95‐98, 2011 (January). Recall November 17, 2017, native https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/DUJBS/article/view/8879/6590

Other references Used

Mann, S., Gupta, D., Gupta, V., & Gupta, R. (2011, November 27). Testimonial of Nutritional, Phytochemical, and Antioxidant Potential that Trapa Bispinosa Roxb. Fruit. Re-cover November 17, 2017, from http://www.ijppsjournal.com/Vol4Issue1/3050.pdf

This content is accurate and true come the best of the author’s knowledge and does no substitute because that diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or diet advice from a licensed wellness professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural publication may have actually dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult through a default provider on an separation, personal, instance basis. Seek immediate aid if you are experiencing a clinical emergency.

© 2013 Rajan sink Jolly


Anita Vaghela ~ above July 01, 2019:

Good info for my study

Food and also nutrition

Rajan singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. Top top October 31, 2018:

Thank you Amarjeet Kaur.

Amarjeet kaur top top October 31, 2018:

Good information and necessary and help. Thanks

Rajan singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. Top top December 08, 2017:

Nishith Shah, the water chestnut or singhara referred to in my short article is a fruit which grow under water. The plant is likewise called water chestnut & it grow in water most of it being submerged and also some part floating.

You may decide now whether jains deserve to eat this or not.

Nishith Shah top top December 03, 2017:

Dear Rajan sir ,

I am a jain , therefore pl help me v the information ;

that as a jain ns cannot eat underground root vegetables , therefore this Indian water chestnut or Singhoda we call it - is that a Fruit or a root of a plant or a aquatic venerable ?

I am gaining so much puzzled reading the various posts online .

Will appreciate if you have the right to share final clarity that as a jain I have the right to eat or the or not ?

Thanks in advance

Divesh ~ above November 28, 2017:

Thank you for sharing such beneficial information top top water chestnuts/caltrops... Except carrying an important nutrition values, these are really tasty. Can you you re welcome share part recepie wherein these are used.

Btw I additionally read somewhere the they are additionally rich resource of magnesium and also potassium.

Appreciate the you take the end time come respond to separation, personal, instance comments with your feedback.

Ketan on November 17, 2017:

Is shingles is a root fruit?

Chaudhry on November 01, 2017:

Awesome information

Rajan singh Jolly (author) indigenous From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. Top top September 06, 2017:

Please check with virtual sellers mrs jyoti.

mrs jyoti nitin karnik on august 23, 2017:

i desire a water chestnut tree to prosper in my tub pond, where have the right to i discover it please


Rajan sink Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. ~ above September 01, 2016:

Rajesh, i m really sorry I have no idea what you're referring to.

Rajesh on respectable 25, 2016:

Very informative.I desire to recognize name the black color swollen stem grow under water.it is eatable and sweet in taste and also after removing skin white color ediable seed appear. That taste is like water chestnut

In Hindi landscape area is referred to as kasaer.

Rajan singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. On April 06, 2016:

Syed, many thanks for appreciating.

Syed on April 05, 2016:

Many thanks dear it is really informative article regarding water chest nuts and also especially it is related to male sex worries , the is really benefited to person particularly males who have actually high cholesterol and Cannot eat some other foods and dry fruits which are contain top top high cholesterol , and due come this males whom have their high cholesterol have the right to use this fruit/dry fruit also , i really evaluate you come share together nice and also beneficial information

Tsu Yuan Nieh native Newcastle, UK ~ above November 14, 2015:

Enjoyed your hub. I used to chef different dishes when I was in school however I to be working, I just stick to couple of dish and also make lock repeatedly. One food I offered to chef is Chinese Perl Meatball. One an essential ingredient is water chestnut. I remember assuming there is no other water chestnuts than Chinese persons and constantly went to Chinese stores purchased overpriced ones however one day ns suddenly uncovered them in UK super save for 50 pence.

Anyway, it is one of my favourite food but I never really cared much about its nutrition. Many thanks a most the info and also the water chestnut dishes video clip looked interesting and also delicious.

Rajan singh Jolly (author) indigenous From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. On march 22, 2015:

Meeru many thanks for analysis my article and appreciating it in so many words. Friend are best as children we have constantly liked to eat singhara even if it is raw or boiled. The wellness benefits are tremendous.

Thank you because that being below once again.

meeru , on march 14, 2015:

Had purchase shingoda flour ad an option for serial , I wanted to understand its services so found thus site - terrific information rajanji!! also will lookup recepies , have consumed the fruit since childhood - raw and also juicy ,addictively so never thought of choices of making use of ,info for health benefits and also nutrients was amazing !

Rajan sink Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. On may 16, 2013:

Thanks Paul. In reality drinking water can reason bloating and hence water must not be drunk instantly after eating singhara. Many thanks for the read and sharing.


This is once again an great hub v some great photos. I have consumed water chestnuts in Thailand, yet never realized the they had so many advantageous uses. Why can't a human drink water after eating singhara? poll up and also sharing. Additionally Pinning and Tweeting.

Rajan singh Jolly (author) indigenous From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. On April 21, 2013:

Thanks Margaret. We prefer eating the fruit by boiling and removing the black skin, sprinkling some rock salt and also eating as a snack. Thanks for the votes and sharing.

Margaret Perrottet from mountain Antonio, FL ~ above April 21, 2013:

Another wonderful hub. I've had Chinese water chestnuts, yet never the Indian variety. The medicinal attributes of plants always amazes me. Poll up, interesting and also sharing.

Rajan singh Jolly (author) from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. ~ above April 21, 2013:

Thanks, Au fait. Ns hope you acquire these water chestnuts where you live. Thanks for the votes and also sharing.

C E Clark from phibìc Texas ~ above April 20, 2013:

Very interesting and educational short article as always. Her photos for the recipes because that the cakes look therefore delicious! You constantly provide terrific read and I always learn miscellaneous which ns look forward to. Poll up, interesting and useful! gave you 5 an ext stars and will share!

Rajan singh Jolly (author) native From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. ~ above April 14, 2013:

Peggy-thanks because that reading and also I evaluate the comments and sharing.

Peggy Woods indigenous Houston, Texas on April 14, 2013:

Hi Rajan,

We generally always keep a can of water chestnuts in our food pantry and also I love to combine them right into some of my stir fry oriental flavored form of meals. Ns never also thought around how they to be grown or harvested. Many thanks for enlightening me and others who will be analysis this hub. You space a actual fount of information! offered this 5 stars, will certainly share + up, useful and also interesting votes.

Gypsy climbed Lee native Daytona Beach, Florida top top April 14, 2013:

Thanks for sharing. I used to use water chestnuts rather a little in Chinese cooking but we can't obtain them here now or if they display up in cans they're fairly expensive yet I carry out enjoy them. Pass this on. Hope you're having a great weekend.

Rajan sink Jolly (author) indigenous From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. Top top April 13, 2013:

livingsta-maybe friend could shot them now. Evaluate your sparing time come read and also leave a comment.Thanks for sharing.

Great hub and information around the water chestnut. Ns did not understand that they were ground into flour and used. Many thanks for sharing.

livingsta from uk on April 13, 2013:

This is useful and interesting Rajan. Thank you because that sharing this through us. I have never taste these!

Voted up and also sharing!

Jo Alexis-Hagues native Lincolnshire, U.K on April 13, 2013:

Hi rajan, one more interesting write.... I use water chestnuts in line fries occasionally and also that's about it. You've opened up up a whole new way of looking at them for me, such a very versatile food!... Thank you for this information, up and also sharing.

Kathryn from Windsor, Connecticut on April 13, 2013:

I never ever knew water chestnuts to be an aquatic vegetable, and also I have never seen what lock look like prior to they're canned. Really interesting!

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia ~ above April 13, 2013:

A truly impressive hub about the water chestnut, i am so happy I saw this hub you have actually written another well educated topic. Poll up and also interesting.

catmalone on April 12, 2013:

Very useful and informative hub. I didn know that chest nuts have so numerous nutritional value. Good hub!

Kbdare-glad you uncovered this informative. Thanks.

See more: What Does Mcc Stand For In Electrical Terms, Access Denied

Kbdare from west US. On April 12, 2013:

Wow, significantly researched Hub! ns did not know that there to be three different kinds the water chestnuts and also the one gift most common to me being an ext of a vegetable 보다 a nut. Thanks for sharing!

Bill Holland indigenous Olympia, WA ~ above April 12, 2013:

I always learn so much from you, Rajan! give thanks to you because that being mine teacher through these an excellent hubs.