Conflict phase (July 25, 1907-December 31, 1912): oriental nationalists began a activity for self-reliance after the establishment of a Japanese protectorate end the korean peninsula top top July 25, 1907. Part 10,000 members of the Righteous Army commanded by Yi In-yong rebelled against the Japanese government. The Japanese government deployed part 20,000 troops to suppressed the rebellion. The Japanese government formally linked Korea on august 22, 1910, and also Japanese troops suppressed the rebellion in 1912. Some 17,700 Koreans and 150 Japanese federal government soldiers to be killed during the conflict.

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Post-Conflict phase (January 1, 1913-February 28, 1919): Ahn Chang Ho developed the Korean Ressurection League (Hunh-sah-dang) in may 1913. Suh Sang Il created the Korean independence League (KIL) in January 1915.

Conflict step (March 1, 1919-December 31, 1920): korean nationalists formally claimed Korea’s self-reliance from the federal government of Japan on in march 1, 1919. The Japanese federal government deployed 6,000 troops to suppressed the freedom movement in Korea. Japanese federal government security personnel suppressed pro-independence demonstrations in Seoul and also other cities. Oriental nationalists convened the oriental People’s conference in Manchuria on in march 17, 1919, and also elected boy Pyong-hi together president that a government-in-exile. Two other governments-in-exile were established in Shanghai, China and also Seoul, Korea. Syngman Rhee, who had actually been favored as element minister in two of the 3 governments-in-exile, proclaimed the self-reliance of the Republic that Korea in Washington DC on august 31, 1919. Representatives of the three contending governments-in-exile developed a provisional government in Shanghai, China in September 1919. Oriental nationalists unsuccessfully attempted to assassinate Baron Saito, the Japanese governor-general the Korea, in Seoul top top September 2, 1919. Japanese federal government troops and Korean rebels clashed in Manchuria and northern Korea in 1920. Part 10,000 individuals were killed during the conflict.

Post-Conflict step (January 1, 1921-September 9, 1948): korean communists created a Communist Party in Seoul top top April 12, 1925. Government police suppressed student demonstrations in Kwangju and other cities from November 1929 come February 1930. China and the us jointly express their support for a “free and independent” Korea on December 1, 1943. Soviet troops intervened in northern Korea on august 13, 1945, and also US troops intervened in southern Korea ~ above September 8, 1945. Following the Japanese surrender to the Allies on respectable 15, 1945, the US and Soviet Union split Korea at the 38th parallel into two occupation zones. ~ above December 27, 1945, the US, Soviet Union, and Britain i agreeed in Moscow to develop a “four strength trusteeship” (US, Soviet Union, China, and also United Kingdom) to federal government Korea and also to negotiate the independence of Korea. Right-wing Koreans led through Syngman Rhee and also left-wing (communist) Koreans led through Kim Il-Sung completed for regulate of the korean peninsula beginning in 1946. Us troops and Korean police suppressed peasant and also laborer uprisings throughout southern Korea between October 1 and November 30, 1946, causing the deaths of some 1,200 individuals. Syngman Rhee and also Kim Koo developed the Anti-Trusteeship independence Struggle Committee (ATISC) top top January 24, 1947. The US established the South oriental Interim government (SKIG) top by Ahn Chai-hong in February 1947. The united state referred the oriental matter to the UN general Assembly ~ above September 17, 1947. Top top November 14, 1947, the UN basic Assembly created the United nations Temporary the supervisory board on Korea (UNTCOK) chaired by K. P. S. Menon that India come supervise elections in Korea. UNTCOK, which had eight to represent from Australia, Canada, China, El Salvador, France, India, Philippines, and Syria chaired by Miguel A. P. Valle that the Philippines, come in the united state occupation ar (South Korea) ~ above January 8, 1948. Parliamentary elections were held in south Korea on might 10, 1948. Some 38 UNTCOK observers monitored the poll from may 7 to may 11, 1948. The US sent out an election monitoring team consist of of some 400 military and also civilian personnel to screen the poll from might 9 to may 10, 1948. Some 500 individuals were eliminated in election-related violence. The South korean National Assembly embraced a constitution on July 17, 1948, and the national Assembly chosen Syngman Rhee together president top top July 20, 1948. The Republic that Korea (ROK) was formally developed in south Korea on respectable 15, 1948, and also the People’s autonomous Republic the Korea (PDRK) led through Kim Il Sung was formally created in north Korea ~ above September 9, 1948. UNTCOK was liquified on December 12, 1948. Soviet troops i was withdrawn from north Korea on December 25, 1948, and also US troops i was withdrawn from south Korea top top June 19, 1949. Part 100,000 Koreans were killed in political violence in between June 1921 and also September 1948.

International Organization, June 1948; Keesing’s document of human being Events, march 27-April 3, 1948; Langer, 1972, 1111-1114, 1347-1351.>

Selected Bibliography

Choy, Bong-youn. 1971. Korea: A History. Rutland, Vermont and also Tokyo, Japan: Charles E. Tuttle Company.

Cummings, Bruce. 1981. The beginnings of the oriental War. Princeton, NJ: Princeton university Press.

Hatada, Takashi. 1969. A history of Korea. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc.

Lee, Ki-baik. 1984. A New background of Korea. Seoul, Korea: Ilchokak, Publishers.

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Woo-keun, Han. 1970. The history of Korea. Honolulu, Hawaii: East-West facility Press.