While dog are some of the most generally domesticated animals in the world, a big percentage the dogs room living in the wild - together either feral or stray. Learn basic facts about dogs below, including the difference between pet, stray and feral dogs, as well as what they eat in the wild and also how to recognize damage.

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General Facts

Scientific Name: Canis familiaris

Average expectancy of a pets Dog: 10-13 years

Average expectancy in the Wild: 1-2 years

Identifying Characteristics: four legs and also a tail; superior sense of smell and also sight; intelligence and quick discovering skills; loyalty; an excellent memory; various other breed-specific characteristics.


Dog Classification

There are over 150 recognized dog breeds, which vary in hereditary traits such together size, temperament, an abilities and appearance.

Beyond the category of breed, dogs additionally may different in learned characteristics such together personality, preferred habitat, diet and also habits, based upon the means in i m sorry they space raised and also socialized.


raised by humans from birth

living in the custody that humans

human-dependent

socialized and generally friendly towards humans


initially pets, elevated by humans

living in the wild due to natural disaster, abandonment or accidental separation native owner

somewhat human-dependent

were as soon as socialized; might be approachable by humans


born and raised in the wild

have tiny to no person contact; humans simply a component of their environment

considered human-independent, although they might indirectly advantage from person scraps or manmade shelter

often live and reproduce near human populations


It"s essential to recognize the difference between a pet, stray and feral dog, especially when attempting come take treatment of or control ar dogs. Since of their varied human socialization skills, dogs of each group are most likely to respond differently to care and also control methods.


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Dog Geography and Habitat

Dogs can be discovered throughout every continents in the world, other than for Antarctica.

In the wild, dog succeed in habitats that administer ample food, water and also cover, choose forests and brush lands. For shelter, part dogs will dig burrows, however most of the time they will use manmade cover or inhabit abandoned fox or coyote dens.


Dog Diet

Primarily carnivores, dogs feed largely on animals and animal matter. Yet unlike cats, dogs space not obligatory carnivores, meaning they can digest a variety of plant-based foods items as well. Domesticated pet dogs generally eat "dog food" consists of a mix of pet products, grains and vegetables.

Some favourite food resources of feral dog include:

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Dog Behavior

Activity: In the wild, dogs tend to it is in most energetic at twilight. Pet dogs are generally much more diurnal, sharing a sleep cycle v their owners.

Reproduction: Reproduction in dogs normally occurs about once per year. A dog is may be to begin reproducing between about 6 to 18 month of age, depending on its breed. The gestation period for a dog is about 58-68 days, after which time a female provides birth come a litter that one to twelve puppies.

Social Interaction: known famously as fill animals, wild dog live together in chop knit family groups, in i beg your pardon a pecking order of dominance is established. The leader - or most dominant of the pack - is described as the "alpha".

Communication: human body language, vocalizations (barks, howls), eye contact, and scent noting are among the plenty of ways in i beg your pardon dogs interact with each various other and/or with humans.


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Identify Dog Damage

Signs of dog damages include:

dog feces on your lawnbrown job of grass killed by urinationholes dug in your yard or garden, or under fencesdamaged/stolen fruit crops, particularly berries or melonschewed property choose furniture, wood, linens, etc.dog tracks: tracks differ in size, yet paws have 4 toes

Disease

Dogs - particularly unvaccinated and also feral dogs - may lug diseases transmittable come humans and other pets. In fact, dogs are the leading reason of rabies in humans.

Some added diseases dogs can lug include:

canine distemperlyme diseaseroundwormringwormscabies

These diseases or an illness agents are often transmitted via bite, tick deliver and/or direct call with infected dog waste. It"s essential to note that inoculations are obtainable - and often times compelled - for immunizing your pet dog to these illnesses.


Fun Facts

The intelligence of an average dog is equivalent to the of a 2-year-old child.

While dogs room not completely colorblind, they cannot distinguish in between reds and also greens.

Dogs have a superior feeling of smell, helping them to look for out predators, prey, various other dogs, signals and more. Dog possess bout 40 time the number of olfactory sensors as humans, giving them a sense of odor that’s 100 time greater.

The humidity of a dog"s nose helps the dog to far better detect odors.

Research has displayed that dogs deserve to smell particular signs of disease, correctly diagnosing cancer in numerous individuals.

To cool themselves turn off in warmth weather, dog pant and also sweat from their paws.

Humans have been domesticating dogs because that over 10,000 years.

The American Kennel Club at this time recognizes 167 breeds, when the people Canine organization recognizes 340. Breeds variety in intelligence, skills, size and also more.


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