でしょう is one word ns remember reading around in a Japanese textbook and not quite grasping it’s definition immediately. だろう is it’s less-polite counterpart but to simplify points I’ll be concentrating on でしょう for many of this article.

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I’ll try to explain their usage and also nuances in as straightforward a means as possible, without resorting to any kind of other websites or books for my explanation. I’ll just rely on my experience actually using and hearing this words, together I generally do as soon as writing blog posts around Japanese.

でしょう, in a nutshell, to represent a possibility felt by the speaker or who else. Depending on the ton of voice used and context, it can be a mild hunch, a straightforward “maybe”, or a solid feeling about something. As usual, descriptions favor this only go for this reason far, for this reason let’s acquire to some example sentences.

First, I’ll talk around when でしょう is offered with a neutral intonation, meaning that the finish of words is flat and without lot emotion. Choose take this line which can come from a weather report.

明日は晴れでしょう。Tomorrow will probably be sunny.

You could be curious about what sort of probability this represents. Is the 5o/50? Or more like 75/25? It’s tough to say the for every cases, you just need to go by context. But I would say generally でしょう represents something the is end 50% likely, as regarded by the speaker.

If you want to attach this type of sentence to an additional thought, you deserve to use けど.

グーグルはすごくいい会社でしょうけど、完璧ではありません。Google is probably a an excellent company, yet it is no perfect.

If you desire to express you feeling strongly about a supposition, you have the right to raise the interval at the end of でしょう, together if girlfriend were questioning a question aggressively. The finish of the word can get reduced off therefore it sound closer come でしょ.

このケーキは美味しいでしょう?This cake is tasty, right? (with a feeling of “I told girlfriend so!”)

The sentence here has actually the connotation that the speaker told the listener the this cake was tasty previously, and now the listener is in reality trying the out. In a sense you can say the speak is bragging about the cake, as if he/she made that him/herself.

Because of this strong connotation, you should be mindful to no overuse this word and sound choose you space over-pushy. One expression i substitute as soon as I want to sound less aggressive is (~ですよね?).

On the other hand, i have additionally heard “でしょう?” used when who is enumerating a perform of things, and doesn’t necessary have an attachments to the items. Imagine who asked which animals are typically at a zoo:

えっと〜像さんでしょう?そして、キリンでしょう?Let’s see… Elephant, right? and then giraffe, right?

Combining でしょう through the question particle か (discussed here) gives the opposite impression, the you are doubting something. The interval is additionally different and also closer come the neutral “~でしょう。”.

テレビは勉強になるんだって?それは本当にそうでしょうか?You speak that television is educational? Is the really true?

Another useful mix with a bit is でしょう + ね. Right here it offers the impression that the speaker is sort of reasoning out loud, or agreeing come something without necessarily having a strong feeling about it. Oftentimes i think of this in terms of the english expression “I bet”.

ハワイに旅行したい人はたくさんいるんでしょうね。I gambling there space many people who desire to travel to Hawaii.

だろう technically means the same thing as でしょう, yet it has a much stronger nuance and also I’ve heard it most regularly used by men. In stimulate to protect against rubbing who the wrong method I typically use でしょう, even when i am speaking in non-polite Japanese. For example:

僕は一日仕事しててすっごく疲れてる。君もそうでしょう?I’ve operated all day and also am supervisor tired. You space too, right?

One expression i m sorry younger human being tend to use that has a comparable feeling is “じゃん”, which is a shortening that “じゃない”。

どうしてプレーステーション4買わないの?Why don’t friend buy a playstation 4?だって、高いじゃん!Because they’re expensive!

9 think on “でしょう / だろう (deshou/darou) in Japanese”

1994sunshine august 9, 2014

Hey! This is a really helpful explanation. Ns hadn’t realised the でしょう had actually so numerous uses! Anyway, I have a question. I’ve just started analysis the 今日から俺は!manga, and also on the very first page(!) someone claims 「そこに財布あんでしょう」 i was wondering what it meant…”There’s some (money) in my purse” is what I come up with, but what go あんでしょう mean? thanks ^^

locksleyu write-up authorAugust 10, 2014

Thanks for the comment! The あんでしょう you point out is one abbreviation because that あるんでしょう or あるのでしょう.

It’s a bit difficult to describe the の fragment in a couple of words (I have actually a article or two on it but don’t have the connect off hand, sorry), however in short it has actually the sense of a “fact” or something that is true.

This expression is difficult to translate specifically to English come convey the exact same nuance, but I would go v “You’re wallet is there, isn’t it?”. Of food without the paper definition of the step my translation might be doing not have in some way.

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