Rivers are characterized as flowing body of freshwater that drainpipe into seas, oceans, lakes, and also reservoirs. Rivers offer as necessary sources of drink water, irrigation, transportation, hydroelectric power generation, and also various recreational tasks such together boating and also swimming. Over there are countless rivers as well as their tributaries that flow through the countries of the europe continent. This article highlights some of the most far-ranging European rivers.

You are watching: What countries does the elbe river flow through


Danube River

Map of the Danube River. The Danube River has a size of about 2,850 km and is taken into consideration the second-longest flow in the europe continent. It rises in ~ the confluence of the Brigach and also Breg rivers, near the German town of Donaueschingen in the black Forest an ar of Germany. The flow flows across major portions of main and southeastern Europe, passing through the 10 European nations of Germany, Austria, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia, Slovakia, Ukraine, and also Moldova. Over there are numerous tributaries of the Danube river consisting of Lech, Isar, Inn, Enns, Rába, Drava, Mlava, etc. The Danube River ultimately drains right into the black Sea via the Danube Delta.

The Danube flow serves as one of the most far-reaching commercial waterways on the europe continent and also acts as an essential source of drinking water, hydroelectric power generation, irrigation, fishing, and also navigation, because that the 10 nations that share its waters. The 171 km-long Rhine-Main-Danube Canal connect the Danube River with the phibìc Sea.

Dnieper River

Map that the Dnieper River.
The Dnieper River has a size of about 2,200 km and is the fourth-longest flow in Europe. It originates in the Valdai Hills situated near the Russian city of Smolensk. The flow then operation in a southerly direction with the western component of the Russian Federation and the European countries of Belarus and Ukraine before draining right into the black Sea. It has actually been estimated that there are an ext than 32,000 tributaries of the Dnieper River. Several of these tributaries space Berezina, Bilozerka, Drut, Desna, Prypiat, Sozh, Myareya, Samara, Sula, and Vyazma.

Don River

Map that the Don river in Russia emptying right into the Sea that Azov. 
The Don River has actually a size of around 1,870 km and is the fifth-longest river in Europe. The originates in the Russian Tula oblast near the city that Novomoskovsk. It climate flows in a southeasterly direction towards the Volga river, however abruptly transforms in the west to sign up with the Gulf of Taganrog in the Sea of Azov. Several of the tributaries of the Don River incorporate Chir, Seversky Donets, Chyornaya Kalitva, Krasivaya Mecha, Khopyor, and Medveditsa. The 101 km-long Lenin Volga-Don Shipping Canal web links the Don River through the Volga River.

Elbe River

Dresden, Germany on the Elbe River. 
The Elbe River has actually a length of around 1,112-km and also originates in the southern part of the Krkonose mountains which is located near the boundary between Poland and also the Czech Republic. It climate flows v Bohemia in the northwestern component of the Czech Republic and enters Germany with its eastern side and also finally ends in the phibìc Sea close to the city of Cuxhaven. Several of the significant tributaries the the Elbe River incorporate Saale, Mulde, Ohre, Vltava, Schwarze Elster, Havel, and also Alster.

Loire River

Map that the Loire River and also it tributaries. 
The Loire River has a size of around 1,006 km and also is known as France’s longest river. The rises native the foothills the the Massif central in the Cévennes mountain range which is situated in the French department of Ardéche. It then flows throughout the northern and western locations of France and also finally drains right into the bay of Biscay. Few of the significant tributaries of the Loire river include Erdre, Nièvre, Maine, Cher, Vienne, Sèvre Nantaise, Allier and also Indre. Located in the central part of the Loire flow valley is the forest of Orléans which encompasses an area the 94,480 acres and also is taken into consideration as the largest woodland in France. About 164 bird varieties and 57 fish types are uncovered in the Loire flow basin.

Oder River

The Oder River has actually a length of around 840 km and is the second-longest river in Poland. It originates in the rugged hills of the east Czech Republic and also flows v the western component of Poland wherein it forms a border in between Poland and also Germany. The key branch of the flow empties right into the Szczecin Lagoon and its various other three branches, the Peene, Świna, and Dziwna drains into the Baltic Sea.

Po River

Turin, Italy on the Po River. The Po River has a length of around 652 km and also is Italy’s longest river. It rises indigenous the upper reaches of the Cottian Alps and flows native west to east throughout the northern part of Italy and eventually drains into the Adriatic Sea. The Po river flows v several major Italian cities consisting of Cremona, Milan, Ferrara, Piacenza, and Turin. The cities of Milan and Turin, which serve as major industrial centers in the country, use the waters of the Po flow for commercial purposes. The river is fed through a full of 141 tributaries such as Rotaldo, Pellice, Grana del Monferrato, Nure, Adda, Chisola, and also Dora Riparia.

Rhine River

Map that the Rhine River. The Rhine River has actually a size of around 1,230 km and also originates indigenous the southeastern part of the Swiss Alps in the Canton of Grisons, Switzerland. The flow then operation northwards with the big Rhine Valley and forms the worldwide boundary in between Switzerland and Liechtenstein and later the boundary between Switzerland and also Austria. In Austria, the river flows right into Lake Constance. The flow then operation westwards the end of the lake as High Rhine and forms Switzerland’s northeastern border through Germany. The river then falls over 22 m and also is then well-known as the Rhine Falls. In the city of Basel in Switzerland, the river transforms in the northward direction and is described as the top Rhine. This component of the river forms the boundary in between Germany and also France. Then, the Rhine flows right into the Netherlands whereby it is divided into 3 branches (Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt). The river then finally empties into the phibìc Sea. Some of the significant tributaries of the Rhine river incorporate Aare, Tamina, Moselle, Erft, Rein da Tuma, Plessur, Rotach, and Wiese. The principal cities that are situated along the Rhine river encompass Düsseldorf, Basel, Rotterdam, Cologne, and also Strasbourg.

Rhône River

Pont Saint Benezet ~ above the Rhône, Avignon, France.  The Rhône River has actually a size of around 813 km and originates in the Rhône Glacier the the Swiss Alps. This fast-flowing flow flows right into the eastern end of Lake Geneva and then move in the southward direction v the southeastern component of France. Prior to emptying right into the Mediterranean Sea, the Rhone flow divides into two sections, namely the Great Rhône and tiny Rhône, in ~ the French city of Arles.

River Shannon

River Shannon map. The Shannon River has actually a length of around 360.5 km and is the Republic the Ireland’s longest river. It rises from the Shannon Pot, a little pool on the slopes of the Cuilcagh Mountain. The flow then operation southwards with a series of lakes and also turns west come eventually drain into the Atlantic s via the Shannon Estuary. The flow passes v 11 irish counties the are located in the massive Shannon River container that covers about one-fifth of the full land area the Ireland.

See more: How Many Copies Did Get Rich Or Die Tryin Sell Ing Album Of 2003

Tagus River

Map of the Iberian Peninsula through the Tagus marked.  The Tagus river measures around 1,007 km long and is the Iberian Peninsula’s longest river. That originates native the Montes Universales mountain selection in the eastern component of Spain and flows westwards across the country. It then enters Portugal and also flows in the southwestward direction prior to emptying into the Atlantic Ocean close to the Portuguese funding city that Lisbon. Several of the major tributaries of the Tagus river incorporate Gallo, Alberche, Jarama, Alagón, Algodor, Guadiela, Ibor, and Almonte.

Volga River

Map of european Russia through the Volga flow marked. The Volga flow is about 3,531 km in length and is the longest river on the european continent. The Volga is additionally widely taken into consideration as the national River the the Russian Federation. It originates in the Valdai Hills and flows through the central part of Russia to its southern component where it ultimately drains into the Caspian Sea. The Volga river is fed by numerous tributaries, notable amongst which are Sura, Oka, Vetluga, and also Kama. During Soviet rule, numerous hydroelectric reservoirs were developed on the Volga River. Some of these reservoirs space Volgograd, Saratov, Uglich, Gorky, and also Cheboksary.