Presentation on theme: ""What a glorious morning because that America!“ -Samuel Adams."— Presentation transcript:




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1 "What a glorious morning for America!“ -Samuel Adams

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2 Gaspée occurrence (1772) A British personalizeds schooner that had been put on impose unpopular trade regulations, ran aground in shallow water ~ above June 9, 1772, near Rhode Island. In a well known act the defiance, a group of males led through Abraham Whipple and John Brown attacked, boarded, looted, and torched the ship. No the an initial colonial “attack” however is the spark that lights the fuse.

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3 Committees of correspondence Shadow governments served an essential role in the Revolution, by disseminating the colonial interpretation of brothers actions in between the colonies and to foreign governments. Rallied the contrary on usual causes and also established plan for cumulative action. A full of around 7000 to 8000 Patriots offered on this committees at the colonial and also local levels, comprising most the the management in their communities—the Loyalists were excluded. In Massachusetts, in November 1772, Samuel Adams and Dr. Joseph Warren developed a committee in solution to the Gaspée affair

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4 Tea Act to Tea Party The Tea Act’s objectives Reduce the enormous surplus the tea organized by the financially troubled British eastern India firm in the London warehouses and also to aid the struggling agency survive. Colonists were compelled to pay the taxation on tea, if the BEIC payment no corporate export tax. Price the tea go down, but it validated the count the colonies. Likewise undercut the tea being smuggled in.

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5 Boston Tea Party (1773) 1846 lithograph by Nathaniel Currier

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6 Boston Tea Party Boston Tea Party (1773) The Boston Tea Party was the culmination that a resistance activity throughout brothers America against the Tea Act. The sons of Liberty vocally refuse the unloading the a November distribution so as to not salary the taxes, and after a month in the harbor… on December 16, 1773, after officials in Boston refuse to return three shiploads of taxation tea to Britain, a team of colonists, ~150, (some disguised together Mohawks) boarded the ships and also destroyed the tea by throwing it into Boston Harbor. In less than 3 hours, over 300 chests the tea room dumped overboard

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7 lord North - 1773 “The Americans have tarred and feathered your subjects, plundered your merchants, scorched your ships, denied every obedience to her laws and also authority; yet so clement and also so lengthy forbearing has our command been that it is incumbent top top us currently to take a various course. Every little thing may be the consequences, we need to risk something; if we do not, all is over”

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8 The Coercive/Intolerable plot The Boston harbor Act close up door the port of Boston till the eastern India firm had to be repaid because that the damaged tea and until the king was satisfied the order had been restored. Homesteaders objected the the port Act punished all of Boston fairly than simply the individuals who had damaged the tea, and also that they were being punished without having actually been given an possibility to testify in their own defense. The Massachusetts government Act practically all location in the colonial government were to it is in appointed through the branch or the king. The act additionally severely minimal the tasks of city meetings in Massachusetts come one conference a year, unless the governor calls because that one. Homesteaders outside Massachusetts feared the their governments could now likewise be adjusted by Parliament. The management of justice Act enabled the branch to move trials the accused imperial officials to one more colony or even to an excellent Britain if he thought the official can not get a fair trial in Massachusetts. The action stipulated the witnesses would certainly be paid for their take trip expenses, in practice couple of colonists can afford to leave their work and cross the ocean to testify in a trial. George Washington referred to as this the "Murder Act" due to the fact that he thought that it enabled British officials to harass Americans and also then escape justice. Part colonists thought the act was unnecessary since British soldiers had actually been provided a fair trial complying with the Boston Massacre in 1770. The Quartering Act allowed a governor to residence soldiers in other structures if suitable quarters were no provided. Return many homesteaders found the Quartering plot objectionable, it produced the the very least protest that the Coercive Acts.

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9 Quebec Act part of the Intolerable Acts, but had nothing to execute with the BTP The province"s territory was expanded. The oath the allegiance was replaced with one the no much longer made reference to the good news faith. That guaranteed complimentary practice that the Catholic faith. Including the ability to tithe It revived the usage of the French civil regulation for exclusive matters while keeping the usage of the English common law because that public administration, including criminal prosecution. Colonial Reactions floor speculators and settlers Catholic French vs good news Colonials some say that the Quebec Act to be aimed straight at Benjamin Franklin that was starting an Ohio Colony. (Not since of his affinity because that French Prostitutes and also Belles)

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10 The very first Continental conference (1774) 56 delegates indigenous 12 colonies Agenda  just how to respond to the Intolerable Acts financial boycott of British profession Petitioning King George III because that halting that the Intolerable Acts. The delegates also urged each swarm to set up and train its very own militia.

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11 British are Coming british troops march the end of Boston ~ above a mission come confiscate the American arsenal at Concord and to catch Patriot leaders, Samuel Adams and John Hancock, known to be hiding in ~ Lexington. Fee by Dr. Joseph Warren Paul Revere- Silversmith & Engraver captured William Dawes- Tanner & Revolutionary Wedding job & Townshend plot Dr. Samuel Prescott- doctor Made it come Concord Sybil Ludington (Drunk History) extended 40 miles Malcolm Gladwell’s Tipping suggest Connectors

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12 “The shoot Heard ring the World” The war of Lexington and also Concord were the very first military engagements & were battled on April 19, 1775 The battles marked the outbreak of open armed conflict between the Kingdom of great Britain and its thirteen colonies in the mainland that British phibìc America. Double the forces and also less than half the casualties because that the colonists. That was important to the early American government that an image of british fault and also American innocence be maintained for this first battle that the war.

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13 Lex & Con Depositions check out the depositions and also discuss through your partner the following… Similarities distinctions Why could the depositions it is in different? What does the say around the colonial militias the they room different?

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14 The second Continental conference Olive Branch Petition an effort to prevent a full-blown battle with an excellent Britain. The petition affirmed American commitment to good Britain and entreated the king come prevent more conflict. First drafted by cutting board Jefferson, but John Dickinson uncovered Jefferson’s language as well offensive. Garbage by George III! rubbish The second Congress managed the colonial war effort, and moved incrementally towards independence. By elevating armies, directing strategy, appointing diplomats, and also making officially treaties, the conference acted as the de facto national government of what came to be the United states

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15 usual Sense In clear, basic language it described the benefits of and also the need for prompt independence. Much less like knowledge writers and much more like sermons. Frequent use that biblical He connected independence with typical dissenting Protestant beliefs as a way to current a patent American political identification In proportion to the population of the swarms at that time (2.5 million), it had the biggest sale and circulation of any kind of book released in American history. "the most incendiary and popular pamphlet that the whole revolutionary era“ –Gordon lumber

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16 usual Sense The colonists’ id in the superiority the republican self-government based on the herbal rights that the world found that clearest American expression in typical Sense… and also in the statements of self-reliance that will certainly follow. "the many incendiary and popular pamphlet of the whole revolutionary era“ –Gordon lumber

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17 Paine vs Inglis review an excerpt indigenous Paine’s typical Sense and also Inglis’ loyalist rebuttal from The True interest of an American. What is Paine’s Argument? What proof does he usage to do his claim? What evidence does Inglis use to refute Paine?

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18 Paine"s arguments against British ascendancy It was absurd for an island to dominance a continent. America was not a "British nation"; however was composed of influences and also peoples from every one of Europe. Also if Britain were the "mother country" the America, that made her actions every the an ext horrendous, because that no mommy would injury her kids so brutally. Being a component of Britain would drag America right into unnecessary european wars, and keep her from the international commerce at i beg your pardon America excelled. The distance between the two nations made administrate the swarms from England unwieldy. If some wrong to be to it is in petitioned to Parliament, it would certainly take a year prior to the nests received a response. Britain ruled the nests for her very own benefit, and also did not think about the best interests that the homesteaders in administrate them.

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19 Paine vs Inglis check out an excerpt indigenous Paine’s common Sense and Inglis’ loyalist rebuttal native The True interest of an American. What is Paine’s Argument? What evidence does he usage to make his claim? What evidence does Inglis usage to refute Paine?

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