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You are watching: The word “pennsylvania” is misspelled on the liberty bell.
Today is constitution Day. ~ above Sept. 17, 1787, delegates come the constitution Convention signed the in Philadelphia. Let's take a look in ~ some interesting facts around the governing file of the unified States. We're roll in the bill of Rights, too, also though it wasn't approved until 1791 and also has its very own day (Dec. 15).
There were 39 signers that the U.S. Structure plus the convention’s secretary. There are four signers who room no doubt famous: George Washington, James Madison, Benjamin Franklin and also Alexander Hamilton. But the dropoff is quick. Did you know Richard Dobbs Spaight of north Carolina, Daniel of St. Cutting board Jenifer of Maryland, john Langdon of new Hampshire, Nicholas Gilman of brand-new Hampshire and Nathaniel Gorham the Massachusetts to be signers? few people outside their descendants probably do.
On the component of the Constitution where the signers affixed their names, Pennsylvania is spelled "Pensylvania," with only one "n." It's no really an error, however. The was typically spelled the way. In fact, it's order that method on the Liberty Bell. The is spelled properly in other instances in the document, however.
Only two world signed the statements of Independence, write-ups of Confederation and also the U.S. Constitution. One was from Pennsylvania … however it no Benjamin Franklin. Robert Morris is known to Pennsylvanians due to the fact that of the university named after him, near Pittsburgh. The “Financier of the Revolution" lent his home to Presidents George Washington and also John Adams as soon as Philadelphia was resources from 1790 come 1800. The summary of the house can be seen close to the entrance of Liberty Bell Center. Bonus: roger Sherman the Connecticut is the various other signer of every three.
4. You've never ever heard the the guy who created "We the People"
Gouverneur Morris was one of the youngest delegates, and also he was originally from the Bronx, although he later on moved to Philadelphia and represented Pennsylvania in ~ the convention. He spoke 173 time at the convention, more than any other delegate. No much less than James Madison dubbed him the "penman of the Constitution." In 1780, he lost his foot in a carriage accident and had a wooden replacement. He additionally was apparently quite the ladies' man.
5. If you have Pennsylvania's invoice of RIghts, you re welcome return it
No one is absolutely certain what taken place to Pennsylvania’s original version of the bill of Rights. ~ the invoice of rights was approved, each state obtained a copy, an interpretation 14 existed. According to the national Archive, eight says still have their copies — Connecticut, Massachusetts, brand-new Hampshire, brand-new Jersey, Rhode Island, phibìc Carolina, southern Carolina and also Virginia. Pennsylvania’s copy was most likely stolen in the so late 19th century.
A copy of the invoice of Rights provided as a gift come the brand-new York windy Library in 1896, however, is thought to be Pennsylvania's absent copy. The says agreed to share custody of the document, and that is ~ above public screen at the national Constitution facility in Philadelphia. New York likewise doesn't have its original version.
Joseph Torsella, president of the national Constitution Center, speak at a news conference, while standing next to an initial copy of the invoice of Rights, in ~ the FBI office in Philadelphia Wednesday, in march 19, 2003. The document, among 14 original duplicates of the invoice of civil liberties that to be owned by the 13 original colonies and the federal government, was stolen indigenous the north Carolina statehouse through a Union soldier during the civil War, and also recently recovered by commonwealth investigators. (AP Photo/Jacqueline Larma)
One an ext fun fact around missing receipt of Rights: phibìc Carolina's was absent after gift stolen by Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman's troops throughout the polite War. It to be recovered during an FBI sting ... The was executed in Philadelphia. A collector do the efforts to sell it come the national Constitution Center.
Tahera Hasan, left, and Molly Yun, both with the City Tavern restaurant, add by bill Robling showing Ben Franklin, stand at the entrance of Franklin Court and the self-reliance National historical Park's (INHP) new Benjamin Franklin Museum, Tuesday, Aug. 20, 2013, in Philadelphia. The brand-new museum in Franklin Court, a site where Franklin actually lived, is a re-imagining the the secret Museum, opened up in 1976 as component of the Bicentennial celebration. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)
6. Lock partied
The City Tavern was a common gathering spot. Top top Sept. 14, 1787, 2 days before the signing the the Constitution, delegates entertained George Washington there with a taking leave dinner. The original bill remains and includes "To 55 Gentlemans Dinners & Fruit" and "54 bottles of Madera, 60 that Claret ditto, 8 ditto of Old Stock, 22 bottles of Porter ditto, 8 that Cyder ditto, 12 ditto Beer, (and) 7 large Bowels of Punch." ~ the signing the the 17th, they also gathered there, yet that bill supposedly does not exist.
7. We're really not a democracy
The structure does not lay out a democracy, at the very least in the purest feeling of the word. The word is never used in the document. The lays out a republic, wherein citizens elect others to stand for them. A pure democracy would median citizens would gather and also vote on each topic in ~ hand. The ax representative democracy has actually been coined to define the united States, but a representative democracy certain sounds like a republic.
8. The original proposed 2nd Amendment is currently the 27th
There were 12 amendments at first offered, however the first two didn't happen the states. The original second Amendment s currently the 27th Amendment: Congress can't offer itself a raise. It deserve to only give future Congresses a raise. A college college student in 1982 realized the although it to be rejected, there to be no time frame put on how long states had actually to provide it. He began a successful press for that to end up being an amendment almost 200 years later. The initial proposed 1st Amendment had to perform with apportionment the the home of Representatives.
9. This was all done in secret
The structure was discussed in secret. Reporters and other visitors could not attend sessions. (There were 10 newspapers in Philadelphia at the time). Fortunately, James Madison kept detailed notes.
10. Pennsylvania had the most signers
Eight that the signers to be from Pennsylvania, the most of any type of state: Benjamin Franklin, cutting board Mifflin, Robert Morris , George Clymer, cutting board FitzSimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson (who lived in Carlisle) and Gouverneur Morris.
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11. One state didn't send any kind of delegates and didn't sign it
We're looking at you, Rhode Island ... . Apparently it to be afraid the a new system of federal government would it is in detrimental come its economy. The state was frequently referred to as "Rogue Island."
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