The Count of Monte Cristo(French: Le Comte deMonte-Cristo) is an adventure novel by French author Alexandre Dumas (père) completed in 1844. Itis one of the author"s most popular works, along with TheThree Musketeers. Like many of his novels, it isexpanded from plot outlines suggested by his collaborating ghostwriter Auguste Maquet. The story takes place in France, Italy, and islands in the Mediterranean during the historical events of1815–1839: the era of the BourbonRestoration throughthe reign of Louis-Philippeof France. It beginsjust before the HundredDays period (when Napoleon returned to power after his exile).The historical setting is a fundamental element of the book, an adventure storyprimarily concerned with themes of hope, justice, vengeance, mercy, andforgiveness. It centres around a man who is wrongfully imprisoned, escapes fromjail, acquires a fortune, and sets about getting revenge on those responsiblefor his imprisonment. However, his plans have devastating consequences for theinnocent as well as the guilty. In addition, it is a story that involvesromance, loyalty, betrayal, and selfishness, shown throughout the story ascharacters slowly reveal their true inner nature.

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Alexandre Dumas (French:, born DumasDavy de la Pailleterie ;24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), also known as Alexandre Dumas, père,was a French writer. His works have been translated into nearly 100 languages,and he is one of the most widely read French authors. Many of his historicalnovels of high adventure were originally published as serials, including The Count of Monte Cristo, TheThree Musketeers,TwentyYears After, and The Vicomte de Bragelonne: Ten Years Later. His novels have been adapted sincethe early twentieth century for nearly 200 films. Dumas" last novel, The Knight of Sainte-Hermine,unfinished at his death, was completed by a scholar and published in 2005,becoming a bestseller. It was published in English in 2008 as The LastCavalier.
Ø Exposition:Edmond Dantes and Fernand Mandego are asking for help their captain fromconstructive brain fever to England Soldiers.
è Thebeginning of the story is one night, Edmond Dantes and Fernand Mandego lookingfor someone for treatment of their captain from constructive brain fever. Then,they stopped at the side sea and saw a crowd of England soldier who ride thehorses. Edmond dantes is asking for help to the soldiers but got rejectedbecause his fault and Edmond Dantes and Fernand mandego have a fight with thesoldiers until they meet Napoleon Bonaparte who provides to help them.
Ø RisingAction : Napoleon Bonaparte gave a letter to Dantes and asks Dantes to keep thesecret of the letter from other people including Mandego.
è AfterNapoleon Bonaparte takes Dantes and Mandego to some place, Dantes and Mandegotake a rest for a while and suddenly Napoleon comes to them and to inform themthat their captain was died. Then, Napoleon called Dantes to come out and gavehim a letter for Monsieur Clarion and asks him to keep the secret of the letterfrom other people including Mandego but Mandego saw the conversation betweenNapoleon and Dantes.
Ø Climax:Edmond Dantes was claimed as a traitor and then he sent to the Chateau d’lf byMonsieur Villefort.
è Onenight, there are some soldiers come to Dantes’s house and take him to meetMonsieur Villefort. Dantes was caught because Mandego and Danglars inform villefortthat Dantes got a secret letter from Napoleon at Elba. Dantes tried to explaintoVillefortbut Villefort decline it and sent him to the Chateau d’lf prison. At theprison, Dantes punished by MonseiurDorleac and he got slashing in his back. Fiveyears later, Dantes meet a pastor who looking for way out to escape. They aregetting close and Pastor gives Dantes the knowledge about economic, math,philosophy and science. Dantes wants to be knowledgeable man and he learns andpractice how to use the sword and how to protect himself from the rival.Someday, there is an accident where the Pastor died because he buried under theground, but before the Pastor was died, he gives the information about treasureand also gives the map for the location of treasure. Unfortunately, Danteswants to take the revenge by using the treasure even though the Pastor bannedhim but he still wants to do that. After Dantes escaped from the prison, Hisname changes already become Zatarra and he try to find out the treasureaccompany by Jacopo and they succeed.
Ø FallingAction :Dantes found the treasure in order to take the revenge to Danglars,Villefort, Fernand and Marcedes.
è AfterDantes found the treasure, he directly takes the revenge to the people whoalready make him suffered. Jacapo helps Dantes to do his trick. Jacopo bought abig castle for Dantes and held a celebration in order to invite his rivals tothe castle in Monte Cristo island and become he become Count Monte Cristo. Dantesdid his plan to take the revenge to his rivals and defeat his rivals one by oneand also he met Marcedes who already realize him as Edmond Dantes.
Ø Resolution: Dantes Succeed to take his revenge and finally he gather with Marcedes andAlbert (his son)
è AfterDantes succeed to defeat his rivals one by one, he has a final fight withMandego, they fight each other until Dantes is stabbing Mandego with sword athis heart and Mandego was died. Finally, he gathers with Marcedes and alsoAlbert who actually is his son. They lived happily ever after.
Theconflict from this story is Edmond Dantes knows that FernandMandegois a traitorand Dantes is getting mad and wants to take revenge someday.
Ø EdmondDantes was caught by Monsieur Villefort and Dantes was claimed as traitor.Then, Dantes sent to prison but on his way he try to escaped and come toMandego’s house to inform that he claimed as traitor but Mandego tells thetruth that he is the one who give the information about the letter thatreceives by Dantes to Monsieur Villefort.
è Inthis story, Edmond Dantes is getting mad to FernandMantego and wants to takerevenge. This is about the doubt of feeling because at the end of the story,Dantes realizes that revenge is not the good idea.
è Inthis story, Edmond Dantes take the revenge to some people who made himsuffering.Dantes defeat his rivals one by one until he succeeds to againstthem.
At the first time,Dantes is a stupid man and not dangerous because he is naïve and can’t read butafter he was in prison, he met with the old man and old man gave him knowledgeabout economic, Mathematics, Filsafat, Ilmualam and how to defend himself.After that he can escape from the jail and he want to take revenge to peoplewho made him suffering.
·Based on the main part or roles in thisstory, Dantes belongs to main or major character. Because the story focuses on Dantesand most of the story is talking about him from the beginning until the end ofthe story. In the story tells about the man who was trapped by his friend whosename Mandego and he lived in prison for a long time about thirteen years. Afterthat, he learned how to read and got knowledge about economic, mathematics, etcthat given by Old man and also how to defend himself. Finally, he could escapeand met with people who made him suffering, so that he take the revenge
·Based on the personal traits, Dantesbelongs to Complex or Round Character. Because he showed her depth personalityin this story and He possess both good and bad traits. He help his captain andbring him to cross the border of the sea to find out the cure. He believed withhis friend Mandego until he was in prison and he realized that was trapped byMandego but he want to take the revenge for everything that happened to him
·Based on the possibility to change, Dantesbelongs to Dynamic character because at the beginning, he was a naive man butuntil in the jail he got knowledge, he realized that already trapped byMandego, Villefort, Danglars and Mercedes who married with Mandego.After that,he became a bad person because he want to take the revenge by doing the sametrick to trap them and at the end of story, he fought with Mandego.
·Based on the normative value, Dantesbelongs to Protagonist. Because the story described about the good moralbehavior of Dantes.
He was Dantes’ friend. He betrayed Dante because heloved and wanted to take Mercedes from Dante. He was a bad person because onmany cases such as corruption, killed people, etc
·Based on the main part or roles in thisstory, Mandego belongs to main or major character. Because the story focuses onMandego and most of the story is talking about him from the beginning until theend of the story. In the story tells about the man who betrayed his friendDante because of girl and he was a greedy man that wanted to rule the island
·Based on the personal traits, Mandegobelongs to Complex or Round Character. Because he showed her depth personalityin this story and He possess both good and bad traits. He also help his captainand bring him to cross the border of the sea to find out the cure him withDantes and also protect Dantes from army bullet. Then, he saw Marcedes and hewant to take Marcedes from Dantes. He trapped Dantes by report him to MonseourClarion. And then, he married with Marcedes. Finally at the end of the story,he fought with Dantes.
·Based on the possibility to change,Mandegobelongs to Dynamic character because at the beginning, he wasDantes’ friend butwhen they arrived at Marseilles he changed become a traitor. He informed toDanglars if Dantes that has a letter that given by Napoleon Bonaparte and theyalso informed monsieur Villefort.
·Based on the normative value, Mandegobelongs to Antagonist. Because the story described about the bad moral behaviorof Mandego. We can see that in the story, He betrayed his friend (Dantes) bytrapping Dantes with informed him to Monsieur Villefort and took Mercedes to bemarried with him.
Mercedes :Mercedes is Maurel’s daughter. She was Dantes girlfriend who really loves Dantes,and married with Mandego but still loves with dantes.
Monsieur Clarion :The father of Villefort who always felt he was a leader.He doesnt want any change of position.
Monsieur Mondego: He was a fierce judge, envyand greedy even though he has a lot of money but he want to add his money. He doesnt feel happy if someone is betterthan him. He was unfaithful person, and like to flirt with some girls.
Monsieur Villeffort: he was a fiercejudge also. He trap Dantes and send him to the prison on the grounds that hehas made the country’s disgrace.
Armand Dorleach :he was a cruel chief prison which whipping dantes everyyear as long as he is in jail.
· Based on the personal traits, LuigiVampa belongs to Flat Character. Because he showed his simple character in thisstory. She just focused on money and his dirty job as burglar and smuggler. Healways took advantages from that.
·Based on the normative value, LuigiVampa belongs to Antagonist .Because the story described about the bad moralbehavior of Luigi Vampa. He asked Jacopo and Dantes to fight each other andsometimes also he helped Dantes to steal treasure of Mandego.
Pastor : The old man who very kind with Dantes, hehelp dantes to escape the jail and give Dantes the knowledge in order to makeDantes knowledgeable.
· Based on the personal traits, Jacopobelongs to Flat Character. Because he showed his simple character in thisstory. He spent himself to served Dantes.
·Based on the possibility to change, Jacopobelongs to Static character because the character of Jacopo is still remainingthe same. He always served and protected Dantes from danger.
·Based on the normative value, Jacopobelongs to Protagonist. Because the story described about the good moralbehavior of Jacopo. We can see in the story Jacopo always saved Dantes fromdanger and Served Dantes as long as his life.
·Based on the main part or roles in thisstory, Albert belongs to minor character. Because the story do not focus on Albertandhe appeared at the end of the story as a Dantes’ son
·Based on the personal traits, Albertbelongs to Complex or Round Character. Because he showed his depth personalityin this story and He possess both good and bad traits. At the first time, hebelieved to Dantes because he was helped by Dantes but when Mandego wasattacked by Dantes. Albert tried to protect Mandego from Dantes but in the endof story, when he knew the truth of real father was Dantes and accepted.
·Based on the possibility to change,Albertbelongs to Dynamic character because at the beginning,he believed to Dantesbecause he was helped by Dantes but when Mandego was attacked by Dantes. Alberttried to protect Mandego from Dantes but in the end of story, when he knew thetruth of real father was Dantes and accepted.
·Based on the normative value, Albertbelongs to Protagonist. Because the story described about the good moralbehavior of Albert. We can see in the story Alberttried to protect his belovedpeople.
IV. SETTING
Ø Place : Chateau D’if, Mersielles, Monte cristo,and Paris.
Ø Time : Morning, afternoon and night.
Ø Function: The function of setting of this story as background because there’s norelation between the conflict and setting. The conflict of that story is aboutthe backbiting and revengeso it means there’s nothing to do between the storyand setting.
V. THEME
The theme of this story is retaliation will not solve theproblem
VI. POINTOF VIEW
Ø Thepoint of view from this story is Limitedomniscient/selected point of view (third person omniscient point of viewbecause the story is not told from the point of view of any of the charactersbut just through Edmond Dantes and also the author knows what the people arethinking but not all the time. The author not just telling us what happened butalso telling about what Edmond Dantes is thinking but we don’t know what anyoneelse is thinking.
è Thekind of symbol is origin symbol because it is using based on the context of thework. Cheese isassociated in the popular imagination that describe the status of society life.

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è Thekind of symbol is origin symbolbecause it it is using based on the context of the work and also in this story treasure means that the source of wealthwhich can change someone life.
We personally think that this storyis very interesting. Thisstory tells aboutfriendship, betrayal, misery, and the struggles of life that occurs because ofcaste in society. Society is viewed according to their wealth, and those whohave great wealth was given the title of "Count". Caste in social life is described in achess point that became a symbol in this story.
There are some moral values also that we can in this story. Thefirst, in social life should be no rank or caste was influenced by possessions. In fact, all men are equal but the fateof distinguishing. Second, do notbe envious of the lives of people better than you. envy will ruin everythingyou have in your life or someone else.
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