This record addresses indications because that septoplasty. This record may likewise be supplied to evaluation the septoplasty component of actions which combine both rhinoplasty and septoplasty (that is, rhinoseptoplasty). Medically important criteria because that the rhinoplasty component of the an unified procedure and also relevant coding instructions have the right to be discovered in ANC.00008 Cosmetic and also Reconstructive services of the Head and also Neck.

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Clinical Indications

Medically Necessary:

Nasal septoplasty is thought about medically necessary because that either the the following problems when one appropriate and also reasonable trial of conservative management (which could include use of topical nasal corticosteroids, decongestants, antibiotics, allergy evaluation and also therapy, etc.) has actually failed.

Symptomatic septal deviation or deformity leading to one or more of the following:Distressing symptom of sleep obstruction v documented lack of other reasons of obstruction most likely to it is in responsible because that the symptoms (for example, nasal polyps, tumor, etc.); orPersistent or recurrent epistaxis; orChronic recurrent sinusitisorAsymptomatic deformity that avoids surgical access to other intranasal or paranasal areas (for example, sinuses, turbinates).

Not Medically Necessary:

Septoplasty is thought about not medically crucial when the over criteria are not met and for all various other indications including, yet not restricted to, the following:

For asymptomatic septal deviation as soon as there is no require for surgical access; orIn the lack of an appropriate and reasonable trial of conservative medical management of symptoms; orWhen one more condition most likely to be bring about the obstruction is current (for example, nasal polyp, tumor, etc.); orFor snoring, in the absence of one or much more symptoms or problems indicated together medically necessary.

The following codes because that treatments and procedures applicable to this record are included below for informational purposes. Inclusion or exclusion of a procedure, diagnosis or an equipment code(s) does not constitute or suggest member coverage or provider reimbursement policy. Please describe the member's contract benefits in impact at the moment of service to identify coverage or non-coverage of these solutions as it uses to an individual member.

When services might be Medically important when criteria are met:



Septoplasty or submucous resection, through or without cartilage scoring, contouring or replacement through graft


Septal or other intranasal dermatoplasty (does not include obtaining graft)

ICD-10 Procedure


Excision of nasal septum, open approach


Excision of nasal septum, percutaneous approach


Excision of nasal septum, percutaneous endoscopic approach


Reposition nasal septum, open up approach


Reposition nasal septum, percutaneous endoscopic approach


Resection of nasal septum, open approach


Resection of sleep septum, percutaneous endoscopic approach

ICD-10 Diagnosis


Chronic sinusitis


Abscess, furuncle and also carbuncle of nose


Cyst and also mucocele of nose and also nasal sinus


Deviated nasal septum


Other specified disorders of nose and nasal sinuses


Other congenital deformities of skull, face and jaw




Fracture of sleep bones

When services are not Medically Necessary:For the procedure and diagnosis codes provided above when criteria room not met or because that all various other diagnoses not listed; or when the code explains a situation designated in the Clinical Indications ar as not medically necessary.

Discussion/General Information

Septoplasty is a surgical procedure carry out to exactly airway obstruction related to the sleep septum. This obstructions have the right to be caused by structure deformity, disease or trauma.

Deviation the the nasal septum is a common cause for nasal obstruction. Septal deviation occurs as soon as the septum, which divides the 2 sides of the sleep cavity, is displaced native a directly vertical alignment leading to blockage of airflow through one or both sides of the nose. The readjust in airflow can contribute to mucosal drying leading to epistaxis and sinusitis. Sinusitis deserve to be acute; an interpretation the symptoms occur for much less than 4 weeks, or it can be chronic which way symptoms critical for much longer than 12 weeks. The Centers for disease Control and also Prevention (CDC) approximates sinusitis affects more than 28.9 million adults in the unified States.

Frequently these problems respond to clinical treatment such together antibiotics and steroid therapy. Once medical administration is no successful, a septoplasty might be considered. This surgical procedure, normally performed under regional or general anesthesia, corrects sleep septum defects or deformities by alteration, splinting, or partial removed of obstructing structures. Septoplasty is usually done to boost breathing, but it additionally may it is in performed to help in the monitoring of polyps, tumors or epistaxis.

Moore and also Eccles (2011) report on a review of 14 posts in which nasal airflow was measure before and also after septoplasty due to nasal obstruction since of septal deviation. The short articles were minimal to those with surgery on the sleep septum (including septoplasty, submucous resection and also septal deviation corrective surgery) and articles with various forms of target measurement of sleep airflow consisting of rhinomanometry, acoustic rhinometry and peak nasal inspiratory flow. The 14 articles included 536 participants and also all proved “objective proof that septal surgery enhances nasal patency.”

In a 2019 open, multicenter, pragmatic, randomized managed trial in the Netherlands, valve Egmond and also colleagues report on individuals who had nasal obstruction, a deviated septum, and an indication to have actually septoplasty. The participants to be randomly assigned (1:1) to obtain either septoplasty (n=102) through or without concurrent turbinate surgical procedure or non-surgical treatment (n=101). The main objective the the examine was to assess the effectiveness of septoplasty when contrasted to nonsurgical treatment of nasal obstruction in adults making use of the self-reported Glasgow health Status list (GHSI). An additional objective outcomes had nasal patency measured by top nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) and also 4-phase rhinomanometry (4PR). Second subjective outcomes contained the sleep Obstruction Symptom testimonial (NOSE) scale, sino-nasal outcome test-22 (SNOT-22), the three-level EuroQol, 5 dimensions (EQ-5D-3L), and also Glasgow benefit Inventory (GBI). Entrants were consisted of if there to be a major diagnosis of nasal obstruction as the main indication because that septoplasty. Participants to be excluded if the main indication for septoplasty was based on concurrent complaints such as sleep disorders, headaches, or handicap of regular sinus drainage. Various other exclusions included background of nasal septal surgery, untreated allergy rhinitis or allergy rhinitis unresponsive to clinical treatment, septal perforation, or if the septoplasty was being done as part of a cosmetic rhinoplasty or in participants v a cleft lip or palate. For those in the non-surgical treatment group, there was no pre-specified therapy regimen. The decision between watchful waiting and also medical treatment (usually local corticosteroids) to be made ~ above an separation, personal, instance basis. The median duration of nasal obstruction before trial entry to be 7 years, and most entrants (79% in the septoplasty group; 86% in the non-surgical monitoring group) had actually received previous therapy for nasal obstruction. Primary analysis was done at 12 month on 94 participants who had actually septoplasty and 95 attendees who had actually non-surgical treatment. In the septoplasty group, GHSI mean score was 72.2, nose score was 67.5, SNOT-22 score was 76.8, EQ-5D-3L utility score was 0.89, EQ-5D-3L VAS score to be 74.0, PNIF prior to decongestion to be 124.3, PNIF after ~ decongestion to be 133.0. In the non-surgical group, GHSI typical score to be 63.9, sleep score to be 49.6, SNOT-22 score was 67.0, EQ-5D-3L energy score to be 0.87, EQ-5D-3L VAS score to be 74.9, PNIF before decongestion to be 95.0, PNIF after decongestion to be 109.7. Overall 4PR distinctions were small and less regular than to be the results from PNIF. For the attendees in the non-surgical treatment group, if complaints persisted throughout the 24 month of follow-up, they were able to cross-over come the operation group and also monitored as planned. A complete of 30% of the participants did cross over. Because of the nature that the attempt (surgery versus non-surgical arm), masking was not possible. Entrants were followed for a total of 24 months and also benefits (both objective and also subjective) continued. The writer conclude that the trial:

Shows that plenty of patients, in spite of medical treatment, proceed to live through nasal obstruction for years before being referred to the ear, nose, and throat surgeon. In this patients, septoplasty readily available considerable subjective and objective benefits contrasted with non-surgical management, which were sustained up to 24 months of follow-up.

A 2020 Clinical Practice pointer by the American Academy of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck surgical procedure for nosebleed (epistaxis) notes the septoplasty deserve to be excellent in individuals with recurrent nosebleeds and septal deviation stating “control of bleeding likely from some mix of boosted nasal airflow, interruption of mucosal vasculature, and/or more effective packing.”

Clinical trials space in development to evaluate the impact of conservative administration versus septoplasty for septal deviation through nasal obstruction.


Epistaxis: sleep bleeding.

Rhinoseptoplasty: A operation procedure, additionally referred to together a septorhinoplasty, performed on the nose and also the nasal septum (cartilage and also bony structure that the end the two nostrils).

Septoplasty: A surgical procedure intended to repair the nasal septum.

Sinusitis: Inflammation that the sinuses.


Peer the review Publications:

Lawrence R. Pediatric septoplasty: a evaluation of the literature. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012; 76(8):1078-1081.Moore M, Eccles R. Objective evidence for the efficacy that surgical management of the deviated septum as a therapy for chronic nasal obstruction: a methodical review. Clinical Otolaryngology, 2011; 36(2):106-113.Sedaghat AR, Busaba NY, Cunningham MJ, Kieff DA. Clinical evaluate is an exact predictor the which patients will need septoplasty. Laryngoscope. 2013; 123(1):48-52.Stewart MG, blacksmith TL, Weaver EM, et al. Outcomes after sleep septoplasty: results from the sleep Obstruction Septoplasty efficiency (NOSE) study. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004; 130(3):283-290.van Egmond MMHT, Rovers MM, Hannink G, et al. Septoplasty v or there is no concurrent turbinate surgery versus non-surgical monitoring for sleep obstruction in adults with a deviated septum: a pragmatic, randomised regulated trial. Lancet. 2019; 394(10195):314-321.

Government Agency, clinical Society, and also Other classic Publications:

American Academy the Otolaryngology – Head and also Neck surgical procedure (AAO-HNS). Clinical agreement Statement: septoplasty through or without inferior turbinate reduction. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015; 153(5):708-720.Cummings CW, Flint P, Haughey B, et al. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery, 4th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby. 2005.
Websites for additional Information

Nasal ObstructionSeptal Deviation






Medical policy & modern technology Assessment Committee (MPTAC) review. Governmental edits come Clinical Indications. Update Discussion/General Information and References sections. Reformatted Coding section.


MPTAC review. Added Definitions section. To update Discussion/General Information and References sections.


MPTAC review. Updated referrals section.


MPTAC review. The record header wording updated native “Current efficient Date” to “Publish Date.” update Websites section.


MPTAC review.


MPTAC review. Update Description/Scope, Background/Overview, and also References sections. Eliminated ICD-9 codes from Coding section.


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MPTAC review. Update Description and also Coding sections.


MPTAC review. To update References.


MPTAC review. Update Discussion/General Information and References. Clarification come Clinical Indications.


MPTAC review. Update Discussion/General Information and also References.


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MPTAC review. Update References and also Web Sites. Removed ar of Service.


MPTAC review. References and also Coding updated.


MPTAC review. References and Coding updated.


MPTAC initial document development.

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