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Glossary of Beekeeping Terms

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Abdomen - the third an ar of the body of a bee enclosing the honey stomach, true stomach, intestine, sting, and reproductive organs.

Absconding swarm - an entire colony of bees that abandons the hive due to the fact that of disease, wax moth, too much heat or water, absence of resources, or other reasons.

Acarine disease - The surname of the condition caused through the tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi). See Tracheal mite.

Afterswarm - a small swarm which might leave the hive ~ the first or main swarm has departed. These afterswarms usually have actually less bees connected with them than the primary swarm.

American foulbrood - a brood disease of love husband bees resulted in by the spore-forming bacterium, Paenibacillus larvae. The spore stage of the bacterium can remain viable for plenty of years, make is daunting to get rid of the disease.

Apiary - colonies, hives, and other equipment assembled in one place for beekeeping operations; likewise known as a bee yard.

Apiculture - the science and art of increasing honey bees.

Apis mellifera - Genus and species of the west honey punishment originating in Europe and also Africa and also now located about the world.

Bait hive - A hiveor box inserted preferably in one elevated location used come attract and also hopefully record swarms.

Bee blower - amotorized blower used as one technique toremove bees indigenous honeycombs. Typically frames are not gotten rid of from supers front tousing the blower.

Bee bread - a fermented mixture of accumulated pollen and also nectar or honey, deposit in the cells of a comb. Pollen is the main pollen source for bees and is used specifically by the nurse bees to produce royal jelly to feeding the young larvae.

Bee brush - a brush or whisk broom provided to gently eliminate bees indigenous combs.

Bee escape - a an equipment used to eliminate bees from honey supers or buildings by permitting bees to pass one means but preventing their return.

Beehive - a crate or receptacle v movable frames, used for housing a swarm of bees.

Bee metamorphosis - the three stages v which a bee passes prior to reaching maturity: egg, larva, and also pupa. During the pupal stage, huge fat make reservation are used to transform both the internal and external anatomy the the bee.

Bee space - 3/8-inch an are between combs and hive parts in i beg your pardon bees build no comb or deposit just a little amount the propolis. Punishment spaces are provided as corridors to relocate within the hive.

Beeswax - a complicated mixture of necessary compounds secreted by four pairs of distinct glands on the worker bee"s abdomen and used for structure comb. The melting allude is from 143.6 come 147.2 degrees F.

Bee veil - a towel or form of hat normally made of wire netting to defend the beekeeper"s head and neck from stings.

Bee venom - the toxicity secreted by unique glands attached to the stinger the the bee.

Boardman feeder - a an equipment for feeding bees that is composed of an reverse jar through an attachment allowing accessibility to the hive entrance.

Bottling (Honey Processing) - gravity is offered to to fill containers the honey.

Bottom board - the floor of a beehive the all the other components develop upon.

Brace comb - a tiny bit the wax built between two combs or frames to fasten them together. Brace comb is also built between a comb and surrounding wood, or in between two wooden parts such as top bars.

Braula coeca - the clinical name the a wingless fly typically known together the bee louse.

Brood - immature bees that not yet emerged from their cells. Brood have the right to be in the kind of eggs, larvae, or pupae of various ages.

Brood chamber - the part of the hive in i m sorry the brood is reared; may encompass one or an ext hive bodies and the combs within.

Burr comb - a little of wax built upon a comb or upon a wooden part in a hive but not connected to any type of other part.

Capped brood - pupae whose cells have actually been sealed with a porous sheathe by maturation bees to isolate them throughout their nonfeeding pupal period; likewise called sealed brood.

Cappings - a thin layer of wax supplied to covering the complete cells that honey. This layer of wax is sliced indigenous the surface ar of a honey-filled comb.

Castes - a term used to explain social insects of the same varieties and sex that differ in morphology or behavior. In love husband bees there room two castes, workers and queens. The drones space a different sex and therefore no included.

Cell - the hexagonal compartment the comb built by honeybees.

Chilled brood - bee larvae and pupae that have died from exposure come cold. This frequently occurs in spring once the colony is broadening rapidly and on cold nights there aren"t enough bees to keep the brood warm.

Chunk honey - honey reduced from frames and placed in jars along with liquid honey.

Clarifying - remove visible foreign material from love husband or wax to boost its purity.

Clarifying Tank - any tank or hold vessel the is usage to temporarily store honey when the wax and also other product separate native the honey.

Cluster - a large group of bees hanging together, one ~ above another.

Colony - all the worker bees, drones, queen, and developing brood living with each other in one hive or other dwelling.

Comb - a mass of six-sided cells made by honey bees in which brood is reared and also honey and pollen room stored; written of two layers united at their bases.

Comb foundation - a commercially made framework consisting of slim sheets that beeswax with the cell bases that worker cell embossed ~ above both political parties in the exact same manner together they are created naturally by love husband bees.

Comb honey - honey produced and sold in the comb. That is created either by cutting the comb native the framework or as soon as the comb is developed in unique frames which allow for its basic removal.

Creamed honey - love husband which has crystallized under controlled problems to create a small crystal and also a smooth texture. Frequently a starter or seeds is offered to assist control the crystallization.

Crimp-wired foundation - comb structure which crimp wire is embedded vertically during the production of the foundation. The wire increases the toughness of the foundation.

Cross-pollination - the transfer of pollen native an anther of one tree to the stigma of a various plant of the exact same species. Honeybees are great pollinators.

Crystallization - the development of street crystals in honey. Syn. Granulation

Cut-comb honey - comb honey cut into assorted sizes, the edge drained, and also the pieces wrapped or pack individually

Dextrose - one of the two principal sugars discovered in honey; creates crystals during granulation. Also known together glucose.

Dividing - spltting a swarm to type two or an ext colonies.

Division plank feeder - a wood or plastic compartment i m sorry is hung in a hive prefer a frame and also contains feed because that bees.

Double screen - a wooden structure with two layers the wire screen to separate two swarms within the same hive, one over the other. An entrance is cut on the top side and placed come the behind of the hive for the upper colony.

Drawn combs - cell which have been constructed out by love husband bees from foundation in a frame.

Drifting that bees - the fail of bees to return to their own hive in an apiary containing many colonies. Young bees have tendency to drift an ext than older bees, and also bees from small colonies tend to drift into larger colonies.

Drone - the masculine honey bee

Drone comb - comb measuring around four cell per straight inch the is used for drone rearing and also honey storage.

Drone layer - aqueen who is incapable of fertilizing eggs. Together a result all brood created is drones.

Dysentery - a condition of adult bees characterized by severe diarrhea and usually caused by starvation, low-quality food,, confinement due to negative weather conditions, or nosema infection.

European foulbrood - an infectious disease which only affects the brood of love husband bees and also is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pluton.

Extracted honey - honey removed from the comb.

Extraction -the procedure in which love husband is attracted out the frames making use of centrifugal pressure with a love husband extractor.

Extractor - a machine which removes honey indigenous the cell of comb by centrifugal force.

Fermentation - the process of yeast using sugar together a food, and as a byproduct, create alcohol. Honey typically does not have sufficient moisture because that fermentation come occur.

Fertile queen - a queen, which has actually been inseminated, naturally or artificially, and can lay fertilized eggs.

Field bees - worker bees typically two to 3 weeks old that occupational to collect nectar, pollen, water, and propolis because that the colony.

Filtering (Honey Harvesting)- the process of remove beeswax, propolis and even a pair bee parts from honey.

Follower board - a thin board the size of a framework that deserve to be inserting right into a hive to reduce the space available come the bees. This is excellent to aid smaller nests that may have trouble keeping the brood swarm warm.

Frame - a piece of devices made that either timber or plastic draft to organize the love husband comb.

Fructose - the predominant basic sugar found in honey.

Fume board - a rectangle-shaped cover the size of a supervisor which has actually an absorbent material on the underside. A chemistry is inserted on the product to drive the bees out of supers because that honey removal.

Fumigilin-B - an antibiotic offered in the prevention and also suppression that nosema disease.

Glucose - check out "Dextrose."

Grafting - remove a worker larva native its cell and placing the in a queen cup in stimulate to have actually it reared into a queen.

Grafting tool - a needle or probe draft for transferring larvae from worker cells to a queen cells.

Granulation - the development of street crystals in honey which may cause it to turn solid.

Harvest- the process of extracting honey from a hive.

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Hive - the structure offered by bees because that a home.

Hive body - a wood box i beg your pardon encloses the frames and also is usually supplied as a brood chamber.

Hive stand - a framework that support the hive.

Hive tool - a metal maker used to open up hives, pry frames apart, and scrape wax and also propolis from the hive parts.

Honey - a sweet viscid material created by bees indigenous the nectar that flowers, composed largely of a mixture of sugars liquified in around 17 percent water. That contains little amounts of mineral matter, vitamins, proteins, and enzymes.

Honeydew - a sweet fluid excreted by aphids, leaflhoppers, and also some scale insects the is gathered by bees, specifically in the absence of a an excellent source that nectar.

Honey house - building used for extracting honey and storing equipment.

Honey stomach - a specially designed organ in the abdomen that the love husband bee used for delivering nectar, honey, or water.

Increase - to include to the variety of colonies, usually by separating those on hand.

Inner cover - a lightweight cover offered under a standard telescoping sheathe on a beehive.

Instrumental insemination - the development of drone spermatozoa into the genital offal of a virgin queen by method of one-of-a-kind instruments.

Invertase - one enzyme created by the honey punishment which helps to transform sucrose come dextrose and levulose.

Larva (plural, larvae) - the 2nd stage of bee metamorphosis; a white, legless, grublike insect.

Laying worker - a worker i beg your pardon laysunfertilized eggs, producing only drones, commonly in nests that space hopelessly queenless.

Levulose - check out "Fructose."

Mating flight - the flight taken through a virgin queen when she mates in the waiting with numerous drones.

Mead - love husband wine.

Migratory beekeeping - the relocating of nests of bees from one locality to an additional during a single season come take benefit of 2 or an ext honey flows.

Nectar - a sweet and also often fragrant liquid secreted by the nectaries of plants for attracting animals. Nectar is the life product of honey.

Nectar flow - a time as soon as nectar is plentiful and bees produce and store surplus honey.

Nectar guide - shade marks on flowers believed to direct insects to nectar sources.

Nectaries - the glands of plants which secrete nectar, located within the flower or on other portions the the plant (extrafloral nectaries).

Nosema - a condition of the adult honey bee resulted in by the protozoan Nosema apis. The microbe destroys the gut of the bee and also severe infections an outcome in malnutrition and also dysentery.

Nucleus - a hive of bees which is composed of fewer frames than a usual hive and also may be smaller sized in size. A cell nucleus usually is composed of two to 5 frames the comb and used mostly for starting brand-new colonies or rearing or save queens; also called and also commonly described a nuc.

Nurse bees - young bees, 3 to ten job old, i m sorry feed and also take care of occurring brood.

Observation hive - a hive made mainly of glass or clear plastic to permit for the monitoring of bees in ~ work.

Package bees - a quantity of adult bees (2 come 5 pounds), through or there is no a queen, contained in a screened shipping cage v a food source.

PDB (Paradichlorobenzene) - crystals used to fumigate save combs versus wax moth.

Pheromones - chemistry substances secreted indigenous glands and used as a means of communication. Love husband bees secrete countless different pheromones.

Play flight - short flight taken in former of or close to the hive come acquaint young bees through their instant surroundings.

Pollen - the masculine reproductive cabinet bodies produced by anthers of flowers. The is gathered and used by honey bees together their resource of protein.

Pollen basket - a planarization depression surrounding by bent hairs, situated on the outer surface the a bee"s hind legs and adapted for transporting pollen come the hive.

Pollen substitute - any material such together soybean flour, powdered skim milk, brewer"s yeast, or a mixture the these offered in location of pollen as a source of protein to wake up brood rearing. Typically feed to a hive in at an early stage spring to encourage nest expansion.

Pollen supplement - a mixture the pollen and pollen substitutes used to wake up brood rearing generally in early spring come encourage swarm expansion.

Pollen trap - a an equipment for removed pollen tons from the pollen baskets of incoming bees.

Pollination - the transfer of pollen indigenous the anthers come the stigrna that flowers.

Primary swarm - the very first swarm to leave the parental colony, usually with the old queen (see second swarm).

Propolis - sap or resinous materials gathered from tree or tree by bees and used to strengthen the comb and to seal cracks; likewise called punishment glue.

Pupa - the 3rd stage in the development of the honey bee, throughout which it changes (pupates) indigenous a larva to an adult bee.

Queen - a woman bee with a fully developed reproductive system, and she is larger and longer 보다 a worker bee.

Queen cage - a little cage in which a queen and also three to 5 worker bees are confined because that shipping and advent into a colony.

Queen cell - a one-of-a-kind elongated cabinet in which the queen is reared. That is over an customs or an ext long and also hangs under from the comb in a vertical position.

Queen clipping - removing a portion of one or both front wing of a queen to stop her from flying.

Queen excluder - steel or plastic machine with spaces that permit the i of workers however restrict the activity of drones and queens come a specific part of the hive.

Robbing - steal of nectar, or honey, by bees native other colonies which happens much more often during a nectar dearth.

Royal jelly - a extremely nutritious glandular cheap of young bees, offered to feeding the queen and young brood.

Sacbrood - a viral an illness which affect the larva of love husband bees.

Scout bees - worker bees in search of a new source the pollen, nectar, propolis, water, or a brand-new home for a swarm that bees.

Secondary swarm - a smaller swarm which may happen after the primary swarm has actually occurred.

Skep - a beehive made of twisted straw there is no movable frames.

Slatted rack - a wood rack the fits between the bottom board and hive body. Bees make better use that the lower brood chamber with enhanced brood rearing. Jam at the front entrance is diminished which can also reduce the swarming tendency.

Slumgum - the refuse native melted comb and also cappings after ~ the wax has been calculation or removed.

Smoker - a machine in which materials are slowly burned to produce smoke (not flames) i m sorry is supplied to subdue bees. The is vital to usage a material that to produce a cool acting as no to injury the bees.

Solar wax melter - a glass-covered insulated box supplied to melt wax from combs and also cappings by the warm of the sun.

Spur embedder - a handheld maker used because that embedding wires into structure with the purpose of reinforcing the foundation.

Stinger - the modified framework of a worker honey bee offered as a weapon that offense. Love husband bees have a barbed stinger which stays embedded in the recipient of sting cause the bee to later on die.

Streptococcus pluton - bacteria that cause European foulbrood.

Sucrose - major sugar uncovered in nectar.

Super - any hive body, or smaller sized box, offered for the storage of excess honey i m sorry the beekeeper will certainly harvest. Normally it is inserted over or above the brood chamber. dearteassociazione.org offers shallow, medium, and deep supers.

Supersedure - the natural replacement the an established queen through a freshly reared queen in the very same hive.

Surplus love husband - honey gotten rid of from the hive i beg your pardon exceeds that essential by bees for their own use.

Swarm - a large number of worker bees, drones, and also usually the old queen that pipeline the parent swarm to develop a new colony.

Swarming - the natural procedure of propagating a nest of love husband bees.

Swarm cell - queen cells usually found on the bottom the the combs prior to swarming.

Terramycin - one antibiotic offered tocontrol American and also European foulbrood.

Uncapping - the process by which the thin layer the beeswax is removed, exposing honey frames because that honey harvesting.

Uncapping knife - a knife provided to cut or eliminate the cappings native combs that sealed honey prior to extraction. These deserve to be boil by steam or electricity.

Uniting - combining 2 or more colonies to form one larger colony.

Virgin queen - a queen which is no mated.

Wax glands - glands the secrete beeswax, which room in pairs on the underside that the critical four abdominal muscle segments.

Wax moth - larvae the the moth Golleria mellonclia, which deserve to seriously damage brood and also empty combs.

Winter cluster - a ball-like arrangement of adult bees within the hive during winter.

Worker bee - a female bee whose reproductive organs room undeveloped. The bulk of the love husband bees space worker bees and they carry out all the work in the swarm except because that laying abundant eggs.

Worker comb - comb measuring about five cell to the inch, in i beg your pardon workers room reared and honey and also pollen space stored.

Paenibacillus larvae - the bacterium that causes American foulbrood.

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