I am learning dearteassociazione.org with the Memrize App and noticed that often, to say something like "You are x", you will actually say "nǐ hěn x" instead of "nǐ shì x".

For example as translated by Google: "Nǐ hěn máng" means "You are busy". This confuse me because an example from the app would be "Tā juéde tā hěn piàoliang" meaning "He thinks she is very pretty". Here, "hěn" is obviously used to reinforce "piàoliang".

Why isn"t "Ni shi..." used to say "You are..."? Or is it used like that but I just haven"t come across it yet?

How do you say "You are very busy". Do I have to use another reinforcing word such as "tai"(I know that "tai" doesn"t quite fit, but I haven"t learn too many words yet ^.^)?




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edited Apr 27 "18 at 10:02
user19549
asked Apr 24 "18 at 10:15
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Alex EggersAlex Eggers
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Usually a noun will be used after 是 shì.

If an adjective, such as 漂亮 piàoliang or 忙 máng follows behind it instead, it would sound strange. 很 hěn can take the place of 是 shì in this case and will make you sound idiomatic...