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Information systems have advanced at a fast pace ever because their introduction in the 1950s. Today devices you can hold in one hand are much more powerful than the computer systems used to land a male on the moon in 1969. The Internet has made the whole world accessible to you, enabling you to communicate and also collaborate like never ever before. This chapter examines existing trends and looks front to what is comes next. As you check out about technology trends in this chapter, think exactly how you could gain competitive benefit in a future career through implementation of some of these devices.


The first trend to keep in mind is the proceeding expansion that globalization. The use of the web is cultivation all end the world, and with that the usage of digital devices. Penetration rates, the percent of the populace using the Internet, continues to be high in the emerged world, however other continents space gaining.<1>

Internet customers by Continent (Source: Internet civilization Stats)

In addition to an international growth in net penetration, the variety of mobile phones in use continues to increase. At the finish of 2017 the world population of human being over the period 10 years (those old sufficient to possibly have actually their own mobile phone) was about 5.7 billion v an approximated 4.77 exchange rate mobile phone users. This equals over 80% of world in the world having a cell phone phone. <2>


World broad mobile phone individuals (Source: Statista)


Social media growth is one more trend that continues at a firm growth rate. Together of April 2018 over there were around 2.18 billion on facebook users, a 14% increase from April 2017.<3>


Facebook users world broad in June 2017 (Source: Internet human being Stats)

In 2018, of the 2.2 billion individuals who consistently use Facebook, only fifty percent them spoke English and only 10% to be from the US.<4>

Besides Facebook, other social media web page are likewise seeing tremendous growth. End 83% of YouTube’s users are outside the US, with the UK, India, Germany, Canada, France, south Korea, and also Russia leading the way.<5> Pinterest it s okay over 57% the its users from outside the US, through over 9% residing in India. <6> Twitter now has over 330 million active users. <7> Social media sites not based in the us are additionally growing. China’s WeChat polytheistic messaging and also social media application is the 5th most-visited website in the world.<8>


Ever due to the fact that the arrival of web 2.0 and e-commerce, customers of details systems have expected to have the ability to modify your experiences to fulfill their personal tastes. From custom backgrounds on computer system desktops to unique ringtones on cell phone phones, equipments of digital devices provide the capacity to personalize exactly how we use them. Much more recently, carriers such together Netflix have started assisting their users v personalizations by viewing suggestions. In the future, we will begin seeing tools perfectly suitable to our an individual preferences, based upon info collected about us.

Sidebar: mary Meeker and Internet Trends
Mary Meeker make her net Trends presentation

Chapters such together this are complicated to maintain due to the fact that the future is a moving target. The very same goes for businesses feather to number out whereby to develop new products and also make investments. Get in Mary Meeker, up until 2018 a companion at the remarkable venture resources firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers and also now creating her own investment group, bond Capital. For the past several years, Ms. Meeker has actually presented the “Internet Trends” report in ~ the password Conference every May. The presentation consists of rapid-fire recaps of data that offers insights into every one of the latest patterns in digital technologies and their affect on economies, culture, and investing. For those wanting to save up through technology, there is no better way than to unpack her yearly presentation by city hall a video of the presentation and reviewing the associated slide deck.

Here space the last few years that videos of she presentation: 2019 2018 2017

You deserve to view she slide decks native previous years by going to the Bond capital archive.


Perhaps the many impactful tendency in digital technologies in the last decade has actually been the arrival of mobile technologies. Beginning with the simple cellphone in the 1990s and evolving right into the smartphones the today, the growth of mobile has been overwhelming. Right here are some key indicators of this trend:

Mobile vs. Desktop. Minutes spent each job on a mobile device are 2.5 times the variety of minutes spent on a desktop computer.Daytime vs. Evening. Desktop use dominates in the daytime hours, but mobile devices are leading in the evening, with height usage roughly 8:00 pm.

As questioned in thing 5, the introduction of 5G connection technologies will certainly accelerate one “always-connected” state for a bulk of people about the world.


The median smartphone user looks in ~ his or she smartphone 150 times a day for functions such as messaging (23 times), phone calls (22), listening come music (13), and social media (9).Many of these functions would be much better served if the modern technology was worn on, or even physically integrated into, ours bodies. This technology is known as a “wearable.”

Wearables have actually been roughly for a lengthy time, with innovations such as hearing aids and, later, bluetooth earpieces. Currently the product currently have expanded to incorporate the Smartwatch, human body cameras, sporting activities watch, and also various fitness monitors. The adhering to table native the Gartner team reports both historical and predicted sales.

Wearable Devices worldwide (millions of units)

Wearable gadgets Actual and Forecast (Source: Gartner Group, respectable 2017)

Notice the solid growth guess by 2021. Complete wearable gadgets are projected to rise by about 45% native 2018 to 2021.

Waze display Shot (Click to enlarge)

As more people usage smartphones and also wearables, it will be less complicated than ever to share data with each various other for mutual benefit. Some of this sharing can be excellent passively, such as reporting your ar in order to update website traffic statistics. Other data have the right to be reported actively, such as including your rating of a restaurant come a evaluation site.

The smartphone application Waze is a community-based device that keeps monitor of the route you are traveling and how fast you space making your means to her destination. In return for offering your data, friend can advantage from the data being sent from all of the other users that the app. Waze directs you about traffic and mishaps based top top real-time reports from various other users.

Yelp! allows consumers to write-up ratings and also reviews of local businesses into a database, and then it gives that data ago to consumers via the website or mobile phone app. By translate into ratings the restaurants, purchase centers, and also services, and also then enabling consumers to search v its directory, Yelp! has come to be a huge resource of company for countless companies. Unequal data built up passively however, Yelp! depends on its customers to take the moment to administer honest ratings and reviews.


One that the many amazing developments to be occurred recently is the 3-D printer. A 3-D printer enables you to print virtually any type of 3-D object based on a version of that object draft on a computer. 3-D printers occupational by developing layer upon layer of the version using easy materials, such together different species of glass, metals, or even wax.

3-D printing is quite advantageous for prototyping the draft of commodities to identify their feasibility and marketability. 3-D to press has likewise been supplied to produce working prosthetic legs and an ear that deserve to hear past the variety of normal hearing. The US army now uses 3-D printed parts on plane such together the F-18.<14>

Here are more amazing productions from 3D printers.

. Researchers at MIT in 2017 unveiled a 3D print robot that have the right to construct a building. It has a big arm and small arm. The big arm moves around the perimeter that the building while the small arm sprays a selection of materials including concrete and also insulation. Total time to construct a dome-shaped building is simply 14 hours.

3-D to press is one of countless technologies adopted by the “maker” movement. Chris Anderson, editor of Wired magazine, puts that this way<16>:

In a nutshell, the hatchet “Maker” describes a new category of contractors who are using open-source methods and the latest an innovation to lug manufacturing out of its classic factory context, and also into the realm of the personal desktop computer. Until recently, the ability to to produce was reserved for those who owned factories. What’s taken place over the last 5 years is the we’ve brought the Web’s democratizing strength to manufacturing. Today, you have the right to manufacture through the push of a button.



The “Internet the Things” (IoT) refers to gadgets that have actually been embedded into a selection of objects including appliances, lamps, vehicles, lightbulbs, toys, thermostats, jet engines, etc. And then connecting castle via Wi-Fi, BlueTooth, or LTE come the Internet. Principally three determinants have come with each other to provide us IoT: inexpensive processors, wireless connectivity, and also a new standard because that addresses on the internet known as IPv6. The an outcome is these small, installed objects (things) are qualified of sending and receiving data. Lights can be turn on or turn off remotely. Thermostats can be reset through anyone being present. And, probably on the downside, exactly how you journey your automobile can be monitored and also evaluated by your insurance company.

Processors have come to be both smaller and cheaper in recent years, bring about their being embedded in much more devices. Consider technological advancements in her vehicles. Your auto can now collect data around how quick you drive, where you go, radio stations you listen to, and your driving performance such together acceleration and braking. Insurance providers are supplying discounts for the best to monitor your driving behavior. Top top the positive side, imagine the advantage of being notified instantly of anticipated traffic delays every time you readjust your path to work in the morning.

Think that IoT as tools that you wouldn’t normally think about being linked to the Internet. And, the link is independent of person intervention. For this reason a pc is not an IoT, yet a fitness band could be. One keyword because that IoT would be “independent”, not relying straight or continuous on human action.

Another keyword would be “interconnected”, in the feeling that IoTs are connected to various other IoTs and data repertoire points or data servers. This interconnectedness or uploading that data is basically automatic.

“Ubiqutous” is also a great descriptor the IoTs. And so is “embeddedness.” it is reasonable to mean that devices through IoTs are reporting data around conditions and also events that are not foremost in ours thinking, at the very least not on a continuous basis. This particular day there room IoTs for security traffic, air quality, soil moisture, leg conditions, consumer electronics, autonomous vehicles, and the perform seemingly never stops. The inquiry that might come to mind is “How countless IoTs space there today?”

The Gartner team released a examine in January 2017 i beg your pardon attempted to determine where IoTs exist. Lock reported that over fifty percent of every IoTs are set up in devices used by consumers. Lock also provided that development in IoTs boosted by end 30% indigenous 2016 to the projected levels for 2017.<17>

Benefits indigenous IoTs are virtually everywhere. Right here is a quick list.

Optimization of Processes. IoTs in production monitor a selection of problems that influence production consisting of temperature, humidity, barometric pressure – all factors which need adjustment in applications of production formulas.Component Monitoring. IoTs are added to materials in the manufacturing process, then monitored come see exactly how each component is performing.Home defense Systems. IoTs do the challenge of monitoring activity inside and also outside your residence are currently easier.Smart Thermostats. Remote regulate of residence thermostats v the use of IoTs permits the homeowner come be much more efficient in consumption of utilities.

Security worries need to it is in acknowledged and resolved, preferably prior to IoTs in the type of remote lighting, thermostats, and security systems are set up in a residence. Here are part security concerns that need monitoring.

Eavesdropping. Smart speaker equipment in residences have been hacked, allowing others to eavesdrop on conversations in ~ the home.Internet-connected clever Watches. These gadgets are occasionally used to screen the location of kids in the family. Unfortunately, hackers have been able come breakin and also again, eavesdrop and learn where kids are located.Lax usage by Owners. Gadgets such as smart thermometers, security systems, etc. Come with a default password. Numerous owners fail to readjust the password, thereby allowing easy access by a hacker.

Another tendency that is arising is an extension of the web of Things: autonomous robots and also vehicles. By combine software, sensors, and also location technologies, devices that have the right to operate themselves to perform details functions are being developed. These take it the type of inventions such as clinical nanotechnology robots (nanobots), self-driving cars, or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

A nanobot is a robot whose materials are on the range of about a nanometer, which is one-billionth that a meter. While quiet an arising field, it is reflecting promise because that applications in the medical field. Because that example, a collection of nanobots can be introduced into the human being body to combat cancer or a details disease.

In march of 2012, Google presented the people to their driverless automobile by publication a video clip on YouTube showing a blind male driving the car approximately the san Francisco area. The car combines numerous technologies, including a laser radar system, worth about $150,000. While the car is not easily accessible commercially yet, 3 US claims (Nevada, Florida, and also California) have currently passed legislation making driverless car legal.

A UAV, regularly referred to together a “drone,” is a tiny airplane or helicopter that can fly there is no a pilot. Rather of a pilot, they room either run autonomously by computers in the car or operated by a person using a far control. While most drones today are provided for military or polite applications, over there is a farming market for personal drones. For around $300, a consumer can purchase a drone for personal use.


As digital innovations drive relentlessly forward, for this reason does the demand for raised security. One of the most important innovations in protection is the usage of encryption, i beg your pardon we spanned in thing 6.


As the human being of information technology moves forward, we will certainly be constantly tested by brand-new capabilities and also innovations that will both amaze and disgust us. Together we learned in thing 12, plenty of times the brand-new capabilities and powers that come through these brand-new technologies will certainly test us and require a new method of thinking about the world. Businesses and also individuals alike need to be mindful of this coming changes and also prepare because that them.

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Study Questions
Which nations are the best users that the Internet? social media? Mobile?Which country had the largest Internet expansion (in %) in the last five years?How will many people attach to the internet in the future?What space two various applications the wearable technologies?What space two various applications of cooperation technologies?What capabilities execute printable technologies have?How will advances in wireless technologies and sensors do objects “findable”?What is enhanced situational awareness?What is a nanobot?What is a UAV?ExercisesIf you were going to start a brand-new technology business, which of the arising trends carry out you think would certainly be the biggest opportunity? do some initial research to estimate the sector size.What privacy concerns could be raised by collaborative modern technologies such together Waze?Do some research about the very first handgun published using a 3-D printer and also report on several of the pertains to raised.Write up an instance of just how IoT might carry out a organization with a compete advantage.How perform you think wearable technologies can improve as whole healthcare?What potential problems do you see with a climb in the number of autonomous cars? carry out some independent research and also write a two-page paper that describes where autonomous cars room legal and also what difficulties may occur.Select a organization enterprise of attention to you, one the you might pursue following graduation. Select one or much more of the technologies noted in this chapter, then compose a one or two page paper about exactly how you can use that technology to acquire a compete advantage.