Japanese likes and also dislikes space actually na-adjectives. This is various from what we have actually learned in English whereby both "likes" and also "dislikes" space verbs.

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The Japanese word for "like" is 好き (suki) and the one because that "dislike" is 嫌い (kirai).


At this moment, try avoiding using them come express your feelings in the direction of people because suki and also kirai can mean "love" and "hate" respectively when you say that to a person.

Only use them towards civilization when you have actually a an excellent grasp the the language.

So exactly how do you usage Japanese likes and dislikes come express your feelings in the direction of something in a Japanese sentence?

Sentence Patterns

It"s best to discover by memorizing the sentence patterns. Take it a look in ~ the following patterns...

Subject は Noun すきですSubject wa Noun ga suki desuMeaning: topic likes Noun.

Subject は Noun きらいですSubject wa Noun ga kirai desuMeaning: topic dislikes/hates Noun.

Take keep in mind that because すき (suki) and きらい (kirai) are adjectives, bit が (ga) is supplied in the expressions. So using some examples...

わたしはねこすきです。watashi wa neko ga suki desuMeaning: I like cat.わたしわいぬきらいです。watashi wa inu ga kirai desuMeaning: i dislike dog.

Since Japanese likes and also dislikes are na-adjectives, you need to include "ではありません" (dewa arimasen) in ~ the finish in bespeak to kind the negative form, simply like...

すきではありませんsuki dewa arimasenMeaning: don"t like.

きらいではありませんkirai dewa arimasenMeaning: don"t dislike.

Yes/No questions in Japanese Like and Dislike Sentences

It"s simple to rotate the Japanese like and dislike sentences into questions by adding the particle か (ka) at the end, such as...

あなたはねこがすきです。anata wa neko ga suki desu kaMeaning: execute you like cat?

You need to answer correctly or no in this form of question.

はい、わたしはねこがすきです。hai, watashi wa neko ga suki desuMeaning: Yes, I like cat. いいえ、わたしはねこ が すきではありません。iie, watashi wa neko ga wa suki dewa arimasenMeaning: No, i don"t like cat.

When comment "no" come a yes/no question, always remember to change the fragment が (ga) come は (wa). You re welcome don"t forget this grammar rule.

Using どんな (donna) come Ask Questions

If you want to ask questions prefer "What Noun execute you like?" or "What sort of Noun perform you like?", use the question word どんな (donna).

For example, if you want to ask who "What dish does he like?" or "What sort of dish does that like?...

Question: どんなりょうりがすきですか。 (donna ryouri ga suki desu ka)Answer 1: にほんりょうりがすきです。 (nihon ryouri ga suki desu)Meaning: I like Japanese dish. (giving one certain name)Answer 2: あまいりょうりがすきです。 (amai ryouri ga suki desu)Meaning: I choose sweet dish. (describing the group with adjective)

Asking for choice Using the Adjective いい (ii)

Other than inquiries for Japanese likes and also dislikes, if you wish to questioning someone for his/her preference, use the i-adjective いい (ii) instead.

See the adhering to expression...

Using an example to present the expression...

Question: ペンはどれがいいですか。 (pen wa dore ga ii desu ka)Answer 1: ペンはこれがいいです。 (pen wa kore ga ii desu)Answer 2: ペンはこのあかいペンがいいです。 (pen wa kono akai pen ga ii desu)Meaning:Question: which pen carry out you prefer?Answer 1: I like this pen.Answer 2: I like this red pen.

When there are only 3 or 4 choices, use the inquiry word どれ (dore). When there much more than 4 options use the question word なに (nani).

Question: ばんごはんはなにがいいですか。bangohan wa nani ga ii desu kaMeaning: What dishes perform you favor for dinner?

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