Saying “say thanks to you” is among the many necessary and also fundamental things to knowas soon as discovering a brand-new language. Yet Japanese is so tough that I often seemost learners using them wrong. Of course even if the grammar isn’t perfect,from the perspective, you can tell once someone is truly thankfulbut in SMS, messperiods, it’s extremely tough to tell that. But don’t worry!With this guide you’ll have the ability to correctly say thanks to in Japanese.
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First of all, tright here is a large distinction betweeninformal (casual) speech and also formal speech in Japanese.In English, you have the right to usage “Thank you” in both informal / formal instances.In England also you hear cab vehicle drivers say “Cheers, mate!” to customersand the customers say “Cheers, mate” ago. Though I choose it, it’s as well informal in Japan.In Japan, once you are a customer (客 kyaku),you’ll be treated favor a God and they will certainly stop formally to you.And although you don’t need to be as formal / polite to them,you’ll still usage the formal speech (e.g. -masu / -desu at the end).
For thanking friends / families, useありがとう。Arigatou= Thank you. / Thanks!
or this is a slang and also also not many type of civilization use it yet my individual favourite :ありがちゅう！arigaChUU“ちゅう” is the sound for kiss or mouse so it just sounds cute. Use it jokingly ;)
For thanking strangers / world in better positions / elders, useありがとうございます。Arigatou gozaimasu
So to cab vehicle drivers or employees in convenience keep,usage this “ありがとうございます。” – formal one.
Thank you for . (Informally)、ありがとう。, arigatouE.g.
手紙 / メール / メッセージ、ありがとう。Tegami /meeru / messeeji, arigatou= Thank you for the letter / email / message.
プレゼントありがとう！すごく嬉しい！Purezento arigatou! Sugoku ureshii= Thank you for the present! I’m so happy!
Unlike in English, we execute NOT put any type of particle (like “for”).The prevalent mistake I check out is students putting the “を” pshort article or “が” pwrite-up.But they are unnecessary. And the comma (、 – referred to as “ten”) is optional too.You can periodically watch “nounをありがとう” however this is because the verb is actually omitted.And it is more natural to omit をunless you want a sort of book speech.
However before, when you want to say “Thank you for time> “,not referring to an actual object, we put the “は (wa) particle“.E.g.今日はありがとう！Kyou wa arigatou= Thank you for today!
*I always say this on LINE (an app for texting) after coming homefrom hanging out with my friends. Like this :
今日はありがとう！楽しかった！また遊ぼうね＼(^o^)／Kyou wa arigatou! Tanoshi-katta! Mata asob-ou ne= Thanks for today! It was fun! Let’s hang out aacquire :D
昨日はありがとう！Kinou wa arigatou= Thank you for yesterday!
この前はありがとう！本当に助かったよ！Kono mae wa arigatou= Thanks for the other day! I really appreciate your help!*”助かった (tasukatta)” literally indicates “I / it was saved”.You can analyze it as “You saved me / the day” yet it have the right to be provided choose “I appreciate your help”.
クリスマスはありがとう！Kurisumasu wa arigatou= Thank you for Christmas!(definition “Thank you for what you did on Christmas day,” as the moment.)
But if you refer to a specific object choose below, you won’t require the pshort article :クリスマスのプレゼント、ありがとう。Kurisumasu no purezento, arigatou= Thanks for the present for Christmas.
Remember, this “arigatou” is just proper to usage among friends and also families.Don’t say “arigatou” prefer “cheers / thanks” to employees in a convenience save or taxi motorists.You will finish up sounding exceptionally arrogant.
FormallySindicate add “ございます (gozaimasu)” at the end.E.gどうもありがとうございます。Doumo arigatou gozaimasu= Thank you extremely a lot.
Be careful! The added “どうも (doumo)” could be supplied as “thanks”on its own but it commonly sounds fairly rude to usage.Older males (woguys don’t really use) can usage this to you, but it doesn’t intend you have the right to usage itas this shouldn’t be used to someone in higher position or older.
And “どうもありがとう (doumo arigatou)” in informal speech can be heard sometimesyet still not as prevalent as simply “ありがとう (arigatou)” on its own.Personally I think it’s much nicer to use“本当に (hontou-ni = really)” rather of “doumo” like this :
本当にありがとう（ございます）！Hontou-ni arigatou (gozaimasu)= Thank you so much!
お手紙 / メール / メッセージ、ありがとうございます。O-tegami / meeru / messeeji, arigatou gozaimasu= Thank you for your letter / email / message.
Asides from placing the added “gozaimasu”, another point has actually adjusted.– Tbelow is “お (o = honorific prefix)” before the word “手紙 (tegami = letter)”.By including “お”, it puts the nuance of “your honorable /precious ~”.(It have the right to be offered around your action sometimes also.)So “tegami” on its very own ssuggest indicates “letter” yet “O-tegami” sounds like “your honorable letter”.You might think it is a bit silly but this bit thing is what Japanese human being appreciate.The beauty of the language! :D
To describe this, it will certainly take up the entirety write-up, so I won’t acquire right into this too deeply,yet here’s some beneficial dominance you should know.
There are 2 kinds of honorific prefixes :
お (o) for words created through the kanji of Kun-yomi (Japanese reading).At least the first kanji in a word hregarding be kun-yomi.Words of “KUN + ON” combicountry supplies お.E.g.お名前 (o-namae) = (your) name
ご (go) for words created in kanji of On-yomi (Chinese reading).Just like お, words of “ON + KUN” combination uses ご.E.g.ご説明 (go-setsumei) = (your / my) explanation
But there are exceptions likeお時間 (o-jikan) = (your precious) timeお電話 (o-denwa) = (your) callお返事 (o-henji) = (your) reply
And words borrowed from foreign languperiods like“メール (email)” cannot be used through these prefixes.
My advice is“Don’t try to memorize all these thingsunless you are advanced in Japanese or learning business Japanese”.
Let’s watch them being provided in “Thank you ~”.
お電話ありがとうございます。O-denwa arigatou gozaimasu= Thank you for calling. (super develop.)
貴重なご意見ありがとうございます。Kichou-na go-iken arigatou gozaimasu= Thank you for your useful comments / principles. (lit. Opinion)
In this formal “Thank you”, tbelow is a “previous tense” version.ありがとうございましたArigatou gozaimashita
The differences are type of likeThank you for ~.VSThank you for having actually done ~ (the other day).
Many of the time you deserve to simply usage “ありがとうございます。”For circumstances once someone has just done something for you.Or when you dropped a wallet and someone picks it up for you, you say「ありがとうございます！！」Thank you!!
Times when you use “ありがとうございました”is as soon as the business is done, prior to saying goodbye.So once you want to thank your teacher at the finish of a lesboy, you have to say
授業、ありがとうございました。Jugyou arigatou gozaimashita= Thank you for the leskid (we simply had).not授業、ありがとうございます。Jugyou arigatou gozaimasu= Thank you (always) for your lessons.
At the end of a tour, after the lecture, what you desire to say is alsoありがとうございました。(arigatou gozaimashita).
You also use this previous tense version once thanking aboutsomepoint from the various other day / a few days back / yesterday (etc).For instance,先日はありがとうございました！Senjitsu wa arigatou gozaimashita= Thank you for the other day.*In informal speech we usage “この前 (kono mae)” or “この間 (kono aida)” rather of this “先日 (the various other day)”.
Thank you for . (Informally)
“TE form + くれて + ありがとう”
The “TE form + くれる” is offered as soon as someone does somepoint for you.E.g.彼は許してくれた。Kare wa yurushite-kureta= My boyfrifinish (he) forgave me.
“彼は許した。 (Kare wa yurushita)” without the “TE + くれる” does suppose “he foroffered me”.But it sounds exceptionally plain / robotic.It’s fine if this is a storyteller’s word but the “me” below wouldn’t say this.So whenever you appreciate the act of someone done for you, use this “TE + くれる”.
More examples utilizing “TE + kureru”.
ちょっと待ってくれる？Chotto matte-kureru= Can you wait (for me)?
迷っていたら、知らない人が道を教えてくれた。Mayotte-i-tara, hira-nai hito ga michi wo oshiete-kureta= A stranger offered me a direction as soon as I was shed.
In order to usage the “TE + kureru” in “arigatou”,you need to turn “kureru” itself right into the “TE form”.So it becomes “~ TE + kure-TE + arigatou”.E.g.手伝てくれてありがとう！Tetsudatte-kurete-arigatou= Thank you for helping me / your help!*From the verb “手伝う (tetsudau = to help)”.
時計を直してくれてありがとう！Tokei wo naoshite-kurete-arigatou= Thank you for solving my watch!*From the verb “直す (naosu = to solve / correct)”.
“直してくれてありがとう (naoshite-kurete-arigatou)”have the right to be offered to thank for someone correcting your Japanese too!So attempt this one when someone leaves a correction in your entry :)
間違いを直してくれてありがとう！machigai wo naoshite-kurete arigatou= Thank you for correcting my mistakes!You’ll also watch “添削してくれてありがとう (tensaku shite-kurete arigatou)”.“添削する (tensaku suru)” is simply a formal method to say “to correct (words)”.
説明してくれてありがとう！Setsumei-shite-kurete arigatou= Thank you for explaining!*From the verb “説明する (setsumei suru = to explain)”.
教えてくれてありがとう！oshiete-kurete arigatou= Thank you for informing me! / teaching me!
話を聞いてくれてありがとう。hanashi wo kiite-kurete arigatou= Thank you for listening to me. / my story / what I shelp.
待ってくれてありがとう！Matte-kurete arigatou= Thanks for waiting!*From the verb “待つ (matsu = to wait)”.夕飯おごってくれてありがとう！Yuuhan ogotte-kurete arigatou= Thank you for (dealing with me) dinner!*From the verb “おごる (ogoru = to treat / pay for somebody)”.
Formally*Warning – it’s not going to be easy!!!*“TE develop + いただき or いただいて + ありがとうございます” (even more common) “TE develop + くださり or くださって + ありがとうございます”
E.g.教えていただきありがとうございます。Oshiete-itadaki arigatou gozaimasu= Thank you teaching / informing me.
Japanese formal speech is ridiculously difficultand you’ll have to change some verbs to make it formal.So “Thank you for looking ~” would certainly not be“見て頂きありがとうございます。(Mite-itadaki arigatou gozaimasu)”but→ご覧いただきありがとうございます。Goran itadaki arigatou gozaimasuThis is bereason some verbs have actually their very own “humble”, “respectful” formsand also change relying on the instances.
Although the one above is correct, world do say“見てくださりありがとうございます (mite-kudasari arigatou gozaimasu)”as “Thank you for looking ~” when it doesn’t have to be too formal.
More examples :お買い上げいただきありがとうございます。O-kai-age-itadaki arigatou gozaimasu= Thank you for your purchase. / Thank you for shopping via us.
Again, this is really really difficult to memorize it all at onceso you must acquire provided to it by actually reading and also hearing formal stuff.
Times when we don’t also thank(The power of BOW)Japanese world aren’t extremely great at talking to strangers in public,so occasionally we discover it weird to say the lengthy phrase“arigatou gozaimasu” to strangers for doing somepoint small.
They can not give thanks to you for opening / holding doors eincredibly timeas it’s a bit stselection to shout “arigatou gozaimasu!” behind someone’s back.
Of course if you lugged a heavy suitinstance for someone, that perkid must say thanks to you.But for example, if someone kept the elevator door open, you most likely simply bow at the person.Also it’s not very common to say thanks to employees in cash register in a superindustry or a convenience save.They will certainly say “thank you” for shopping, not you thanking them for working. You can just ssuggest bow.
When someone provides a compliment, it’s better to be humble.I had actually an extremely hard time changing my mindset abroad as when I remained in Japan,I was carried as much as be humble and also whenever someone offered me a compliment,I said “No, no that’s not true…”.
My suffer :In RussiaMe 「ナターシャ、本当にかわいいね！」Natasha, hontou-ni kawaii neNatasha 「ありがとう！」arigatou= Me “You look so pretty!”Natasha “Thanks!”
It’s fine bereason I really assumed she was prettyhowever I was a bit shocked just how she didn’t say “No, that’s not true!” favor Japanese girls.
Me 「ゆき、本当にかわいい！」Yuki, hontouni kawaii!Yuki 「いや、そんなことない。まじでブスだから。みさの方がかわいいよ。」Iya, sonna koto nai. Maji-de busu dakara. Misa no hou ga kawaii yo= Me “Yuki, you are really pretty, you know that?”Yuki “No, that’s not true. I’m seriously ugly. You are cuter.”
Not just will they will certainly deny that, they even compliment you ago for some factor.So please don’t obtain annoyed as soon as they don’t take the compliment right.This is what we think polite.
“Sorry” instead of “Thank you”It’s extremely widespread to use “sorry (=すみません sumimasen)” as “thank you” in Japanese.Or it’s also much better to say both like“すみません、ありがとうございます。(sumimasen, arigatou gozaimasu)“.It’s supplied as “Sorry for all your trouble because of me”.When someone helps me, I feel grateful but at the same time feel badbecause I’m making the perkid help me.When someone gets you a gift / souvenir,you can likewise usage this “Sorry and also thank you” to show that you understandthat they took time and decided a gift (which is “troublesome”) for you.
A 「これ、お土産です。よかったらどうぞ。」Kore, omiyage desu. Yokattara, douzoB 「すみません、ありがとうございます。」Sumimasen, arigatou gozaimasu= A: Here is a souvenir for you. Please take it if you’d prefer.B: Sorry (for all the trouble you had for me). Thank you.
How to say “You’re welcome”When I was discovering English, the point I found weird wapresent English speakers always shelp “You’re welcome”, “It’s alright”, “My pleasure”.Although we perform have actually the word for “You’re welcome“,which is “どういたしまして(douitashimashite)“, people can not like it.It can sound prefer “Yes, I sudepend deserve to be thanked.“.Of course if you really did some big favour, you can say it,yet saying this simply for opening a home window for somebody is a little starray.Unmuch less you are a boss or much older than the listener, this “douitashimashite” is not the ideal choice.
In informal speech, it’s rather prevalent to just say“うん！ (un = yup / yeah)” as an answer to “ありがとう (=thanks)”.
Or“いやいや (iya iya = No, it’s nothing)” is also incredibly commonly used.I personally really prefer this “いやいや”.
In formal speech, you can say“いえいえ (iE iE = No, it’s nothing)”.Again, this is extremely humble and also nice.
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If you want to sound even more formal, you can for instance say“お役に立てて何よりです。 (o-yaku ni tatete nani-yori desu)”or“お役に立てて幸いです。 (o-yaku ni tatete saiwai desu)”= I am glad to be of some help.
お読みいただきありがとうございました！O-yomi itadaki arigatou gozaimashita(incredibly create.)読んでいただきありがとうございました！Yonde itadaki arigatou gozaimashita(create.)