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Merhaba (Hello) is more than likely the most popular Turkish greeting, and also for good reason. As you can’t yes, really go wrong v it, it’s typically a an excellent choice if you’re emotion unsure. It have the right to be supplied at any time the day and also in any context, even if it is formal or informal, through friends or with your boss. But beyond merhaba, there are plenty of other greetings you should understand (as well as the proper responses come each!). Keep analysis to uncover out every the ways to to speak hello in Turkish.
Mornings, Midday, and Evenings
As soon as morning breaks, world use the greeting günaydın (Good morning), i beg your pardon literally way something choose “The day is bright.” This is supplied until noon when human being switch come tünaydın. Trading gün for tün (an antiquated word because that night), this greeting literally method “The night is bright,” i beg your pardon is a somewhat odd greeting when you think around it.
Alternatively, there’s the an ext common iyi günler (Good day), which have the right to be supplied from noon till daylight wanes. From around 5 pm to 6 afternoon (or right after sunset) you have the right to wish who a “good evening” with iyi akşamlar. And fun fact: Both iyi günler and also iyi akşamlar are used not just as greetings but additionally for farewells — a an excellent trick if you can not remember another means to bid adieu.
When you’re with human being the same age and also your an excellent friends, selam (greetings) is the many common method of saying hello. This is often complied with by Ne haber? (or N’aber? for short). You can probably already guess that this is the tantamount of the English “How’s that going?” — yet it literally way “Which news?”
To this, you need to answer İyilik, senden? (Good, and also you?). Alternatively, you could respond with Ne olsun? (What is it?), İyi diyelim iyi olalım (literally: “Let’s speak ‘well,’ so that things go well”) or the poetic Aynı tas aynı hamam (literally: “Same bowl, same hammam“) if you’re no in a great mood. The last one originates from the reality that in a Turkish hammam (public bath), human being mix hot and cold water in a marble basin and then scoop the out v a bowl and pour it over themselves. The English tantamount of Aynı tas aynı hamam would certainly be “Same together always.”
In The Islamic World
Religious Turks frequently greet each various other with Selâmün aleyküm, an adaptation that the Arabic As-salāmu alaykum (Peace be upon you). This Arabic greeting and its variants have the right to be heard across the entire Muslim world. The an answer to this in Turkish is (ve) aleykümü’s-selam, i beg your pardon is obtained from the Arabic wa-alaikum us-salām (And peace be ~ above you). Even if it is or not you’re religious, if she greeted in this means it’s polite come return the corresponding greeting. In general, Turks use many words and expressions with religious connotations, like inşallah (hopefully), in day-to-day speech there is no consciously thinking of your origins.
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For Guests and Visitors
Whether at residence or at work, travellers are constantly gladly got in Turkey. For this reason, it’s essential to know just how to speak hello in Turkish because that these special occasions. If the one human who you’re on acquainted terms with, then usage hoş geldin. If there room multiple travellers or one visitor who you’re on formal state with, then use hoş geldiniz. Both are identical to “welcome” in English. Just as important as the greeting is the reply, which is hoş bulduk. Yes sir no indistinguishable greeting come this in English, therefore it’s better just to memorize it. Literally, it way something like “We uncovered it well.”
Another peculiarity that Turkish is the greeting Kolay gelsin! (It will certainly be easy), which is used whenever girlfriend come into contact with someone working. It could be the custodian in the office or the shop assistant in ~ the till. You deserve to even combine this with other greetings, like: “Günyadın. Kolay gelsin!” but whatever girlfriend do, girlfriend should always wish because that their occupational to it is in easy. It’s likewise common to usage Kolay gelsin come say goodbye.