Albrecht Durer was the an initial Northern artist to be directly influenced through the first-hand contact with the Italian Renaissance. He to be born in Nuremberg on 21st might 1471, one of at the very least fourteen children.

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His father to be a goldsmith and also his godfather to be a printer and also publisher, the young artist learned the basics of drawing and woodcutting from these 2 men.

He ended up being proficient in painting, printmaking, engraving and also mathematics, the was likewise a theorist, a prolific writer ~ above perspective and also the proportions that the human body. He is regarded as the biggest artist that the north Renaissance, a true all-rounder, the equal of the imaginative giants indigenous Italy.

At the age that fifteen, he to be apprenticed come Michel Wolgemut, the leading Nuremberg artist of his day. Wolgemut ran a huge workshop producing plenty of works that art and also woodcuts because that books.

Durer travelled throughout western Germany finding out his profession from master in Strasberg, Colmar and also Basel, perfecting his techniques in the German legacy of the times. Top top 7th July 1494 in ~ the age of 23 and on his return to Nuremberg, that married Agnes Frey, a marriage arranged in his absence.

Nuremberg was a prosperous and independent city v close trade relationships with Italy. Between 1494 and 1495 the artist make his an initial trip to Venice adhered to by a second visit in 1505-1506. According to the artist’s letters the ageing and highly honoured Venetian artist, Giovanni Bellini, was complete of praise for the young guy from Nuremberg.

the made watercolour sketches as he took trip over the Alps - and also what brilliant pictures they are -  these are the very first pure landscapes ever developed in western Art.  

Durer, Self-Portrait
Alpine Landscape, c. 1495. Ashmolean Museum. Oxford. (s)

Personal Opinion:-

This self-portrait screens the arrogance and confidence of one artist in ~ the elevation of his powers. The God-like pose through the appropriate hand increased (as if in blessing) and the ringlets the the hair constantly remind me that The Salvator Mundi painting the 1513, (attributed come Leonardo da Vinci). In 1500 the full frontal pose was connected with photos of Christ, (portraits were normally in profile).

Perhaps Durer saw himself, not as the saviour of the world, however as the saviour and creator of art!   

Durer"s Woodcuts and Engravings.

Durer boosted the printing techniques of the time and expanded the subject matter that castle depicted. Instead of the legacy of do engravings come order he kept stocks that his work selling numerous at home and on his travels to the Netherlands and beyond.

Woodcut, 1497, four Horsemen that the Apocalypse. Brother Museum, London. (s)
Woodcut, 1498, St Michael"s fight versus the Dragon. Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe. (s)

The artist also produced countless famous engravings. His Adam and also Eve of 1504 was developed the year prior to his second trip to Italy, and in countless ways attempts to utilise few of Durer"s new Italian discovering of harmony and also beauty. The outcomes are not entirely convincing yet certainly, the artist was proud enough of his work, that signed it through his full name in Latin.

("Albrecht Durer that Nuremberg do this engraving in 1504"). That left because that Italy in 1505, he was famous, numerous of his engravings to be being copied, even so, the artist was keen come absorb more from the art of the Italians.

When the artist returned indigenous Venice come Nuremberg in the feather of 1507 he had a new, much more natural watch of the human being form. This have the right to be displayed by to compare his oil paints of Adam and Eve through his sculpture of 1504.

Adam and also Eve, Engraving, 1504, Allen arts Museum. Ohio. (s)

The engraving of 1504 make the efforts to existing idealised depictions of the human being form. The figures of Adam and also Eve are inspired by classical monuments, Eve, in particular, is really statuesque, she feet firmly set on heavy ground.

Adam is based on the attitude of the Apollo Belvedere, a marble sculpture from classic Antiquity. The artist has created a masterpiece the required many preparatory drawings and measurements. The cat and the mouse live side by next in harmony with the elk and cow in the Garden that Eden.

The garden disappears into the dark background of the work enabling the clear summary of the numbers to present in comparison to the shade of the forest.   

The oil panels of 1507 screen the impacts of Italian art. They present Eve as a more facility character, see just how she positive dances to take the forbidden fruit from the serpent coiled on the tree that knowledge

Adam display screens an air of bewilderment, unsure the the consequences of the actions unfolding before him, that receives the apple and becomes a ready party come the very first sin. 

It must be remembered the these 2 works to be made using two totally different techniques and also any comparisons must take this into account. 

The three engravings shown below complete a well known trinity of engravings through Durer, since of their premium technical qualities these threeprints are explained as the artist’s master Engravings.

Note the number of the Devil, (represented as a hairy goat), and also Death, who looms in the background hold an hourglass. The article in complete armour rides v this menacing landscape. Resolute he represents a Christianity that is superior to the hazards of the supernatural. The items on his steed is based upon the equestrian statues the Renaissance Italy. 

It has actually been videotaped that Durer"s general character shown an dissatisfied seriousness and Melencolia 1 could show the artist, irritable by his absence of inspiration, dejected and also bored by his slow progress.

St Jerome symbolises religious contemplation together he functions inhis study translating the scriptures from Greek and Hebrew right into Latin. The lionand the dog peacefully dozing contentedly add to the patience serenity that the scene.

The Artist and the natural World.

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These images of the natural world are another example that thepolymathic nature that this an excellent northern Renaissance artist.