Capital letters, also sometimes dubbed uppercased letters, room the taller letters you see when you read. Yet a letter isn't a capital letter just since it's tall! Every letter that the alphabet has a capital version and a lowercased version. The two versions don't always look the same, as you can see right here with the letter A:


When you capitalize a letter, you're transforming it from a lowercased letter right into a capital letter. People also talk about capitalizing words, which means to capitalize the very first letter of the word. In this lesson, we'll walk over the rules that tell you once a word have to be capitalized and also when it should be lowercased. In general, you must capitalize:

The an initial letter the a sentenceThe letter IPeople and place namesDates and also holidaysProfessional and family titlesGroups and organizationsTitles the books, songs, and other an innovative works

Let's go over this one in ~ a time.

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The first letter the a sentence

The first letter that a sentence is constantly capitalized, no matter what letter it is. For example, let's look at this sentence:


The letter W in when is capitalized because W is the very first letter in the sentence. If the sentence stated He never ever shows up for our dates, the letter H would be capitalized. The very first letter of sentences that are contained in various other sentences are likewise capitalized, like in this example:


Here, we've capitalized the M in my due to the fact that it's the very first letter the the entire sentence. We've likewise capitalized the D in don't because it's the first letter the the sentence the woman's dad says.

The letter I

An I by itself refers to a person, so it must be capitalized. For example:


Notice that just the I that shows up by itself is capitalized—you don't must capitalize every I in the sentence.

The I should also be capitalized once I is in a convulsion with other words. For instance, the I in I'm is capitalized since I'm is a contraction of I am. I've is a convulsion of I have, therefore I is capitalized over there too. What about a contraction favor it's? due to the fact that the I in it's means it, it need to be lowercased.

People and place names

The first letters of names are constantly capitalized. This is true because that people's names like Joe and also place names choose Georgia.


On this envelope, Dracula Smith's name, street, city, and also state space all capitalized. Notice that the native Big, Tooth, and Lane space all capitalized due to the fact that they space all part of Dracula's street address.

Dates and also holidays

Months, days, and holidays need to all it is in capitalized. Let's take it a look in ~ this example:


In this sentence, Thanksgiving and work are both capitalized since they are component of a vacation name. (Thanksgiving is likewise the first word of the sentence). Thursday is the surname of a day, and November is the surname of a month. If you're not certain whether come capitalize a vacation name, ask you yourself if the name would certainly be printed top top a calendar. Holiday names that would certainly be printed on calendars must be capitalized.

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Unlike dates and holidays, the periods of the year aren't usually capitalized. You need to only capitalize a season if it's part of a details name, choose the Fall semester or the Winter book sale.

Four out of five of the funding letters in this picture are correct. Use what you just learned to decide which ones space correct, then click the dots to check out if you're right!