How about adjectives? You getting a healthy and balanced mix of adjective in her French diet? Excellent.

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Hey, is this your coffee? would you mental if I have a sip? due to the fact that I don’t listen you speak it’s yours.

Ah ha, I watch we’re quiet a tiny foggy on possessive adjectives.

Well, it’s no a major violation. I’m just going to need to ask girlfriend to action out of the auto for a rapid review.

And let’s just say, a new skill will soon be yours!

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Whose Is Whose? French possessive Adjectives

Like English, the French language has a special group of adjective that suggest possession the the nouns that follow. Possession, together you probably currently know, suggests who owns things or that that object belongs to. It’s necessary to be able to indicate possession when handling food and drinks, or various other stuff girlfriend don’t want world grabbing the end of your hand.

For example, if i say, “Hey! That’s my coffee!” you understand you far better back away since that coffee belongs come me, ns intend come drink it and I may gain grumpy if ns don’t.

Furthermore, this words are dubbed possessive adjectives because they modify the complying with noun in the same means that regular adjectives perform (i.e., in “the red house,” “house” is a noun, and also it’s amendment by the adjective “red”).

But sufficient grammatical mumbo-jumbo, right? Here’s the streamlined version.

Possessive adjectives walk before the noun in French, by contrast to various other adjectives, and possessive adjectives take it the ar of articles such as le, la or les (the). Because that example, if I want to take it the words le café (the coffee) in French and show the this coffee is, in fact, my coffee, I would certainly say mon café (my coffee).

But, wait! There’s more. There’s one more major difference in between English and also French: French possessive adjectives no only readjust depending on the possessor (i.e., the human who owns the object), but they change depending on the gender that the noun, and also depending top top whether the noun is singular or plural.

You knew there was a catch, didn’t you? Don’t stress! I’ve broken it all under for you.

French own Adjectives in Action

So, together has already been established, own adjectives no only adjust depending ~ above the human being who possesses the object, however they likewise must agree v the noun (i.e., the “possessed”) in gender and in plurality. Let’s take it a look!

That’s my coffee!

The native “my” in English signifies the the noun in question belongs to the speak or, in the instance of French, the je (I) that the conversation. But, remember: It need to agree in gender and also plurality.

For mrs words, we would say mon (my). For feminine words, we would say ma (my). For plural words, regardless of even if it is they’re masculine or feminine, we would say mes (my). Examine out this words in action:

C’est mon cafe ! (It’s my coffee!)Où est ma règle ? (Where is mine ruler?)Ce sont mes livres. (Those room my books.)

No…your coffee is over there!

The word “your” in English method that the complying with noun belongs come the tu (you) in the conversation. In this case, if the following word is masculine, we would say ton (your). If the word is feminine, we would certainly say ta (your). Lastly, girlfriend guessed it, if words is plural, we would say tes (your) for both masculine and feminine words.

Ceci est ton café ! (That one is your coffee!)Où est ta voiture ? (Where is your car?)Où sont tes clés ? (Where are your keys?)

Note: To keep things an easy in this post, we’ll talk about tu as being the singular “you” and also vous being the plural, but it’s actually a little more complicated than that once you get into formal French, for this reason be certain to examine into that. You can see the differences in possessive adjectives in between conversational and also formal French v the assist of bring away real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and also inspiring talks—and transforms them into personalized language discovering lessons.

The communication is filled v authentic French content, definition real conversations in between native speakers, which showcase the language in a range of contexts, in both formal and also informal settings. The clips are additionally equipped through interactive dual-language subtitles so the you deserve to observe the grammar build in action while comparing their translations in English.

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Not the one, either! That’s her coffee!

Unlike English, French go not identify between his and her once it involves possession. That way that the own adjective only changes depending top top the sex or plurality of the following noun.

For example, son can average “his” or “her” and is because that masculine nouns. Sa way “his” or “her” together well and also is used for feminine nouns. Finally, ses means “his” or “her” and also is provided for both masculine and also feminine nouns in the plural.

Non, c’est son café ! (No, that’s his/her coffee!)Où est sa télévision ? (Where is his/her television?)Cherche ses clés ! (Look for his/her keys!)

Excuse me…what are you doing with our coffees?

Ah, simplicity! Well, kinda…for “our,” French uses notre for masculine and feminine nouns. Not for many nouns, though: for plural nouns, you use nos.

C’est notre café ! (It’s our coffee!)Voilà notre télévision. (There’s our television.)Est-ce que vous voudriez lire nos livres ? (Would you like to review our books?)

Oh, my. I didn’t realize these were your coffees.

You’re in luck! The simplicity continues. Come say the something belongs come “you all” or “you guys” in colloquial English, French speakers use votre (your) because that both masculine and feminine nouns. For plural nouns, however, girlfriend use vos.

Où est votre stylo ? (Where is her pen?)Est-ce que ceci est votre voiture ? (Is this her car?)Ce sont vos cafés. (These space your coffees.)

Yes, please don’t drink their coffee.

Lastly, we have actually the possessive adjectives leur and leurs (their). Leur is provided for both masculine and also feminine nouns in the singular, whereas leurs is supplied for both masculine and also feminine nouns in the plural.

Oui, c’est leur stylo. (Yes, it’s their pen.)Où est leur télévision ? (Where is their television?)Ce sont leurs cafés. (These are their coffees.)

A perfectly French Exception: Feminine possessive Adjectives and Vowels

What would certainly a French grammatical building be there is no an exception?

The feminine possessive adjectives ma (my), ta (your) and sa (his/her) are special in the sense that they can not be provided in prior of a noun the starts with a vowel, much in the same way le or la (the) should become l’ in front of a vowel. The difference, however, is that these 3 feminine possessive adjectives execute not simply drop a letter: They adjust completely.

But problem not: This change isn’t a totally new form. The feminine own adjectives merely take the kind of masculine possessive adjectives in former of a feminine noun that begins with one of those lovely French vowels.

In short, ma (my), ta (your) and sa (his/her) become mon (my), ton (your) and son (his/her) respectively prior to a vowel.

Check out these examples:

C’est mon amie. (She’s my friend.)

Amie is feminine, yet we cannot put ma in prior of it, therefore we should use mon.

Je vais à ton école. (I’m walking to your school.)

École is feminine, but we cannot placed ta in prior of it, so we need to use ton.

Quelle est son idée ? (What’s his/her idea?)

Idée is feminine, but we cannot placed sa in prior of it, therefore we must use son.

To every His Own: One last Rule

Last one, ns promise!

Unlike in English, every French noun in a list must have its own possessive adjective, even if the possessors space the same.

In English, we have the right to say, “Where are my book and cup?” In French, however, us cannot say Où sont mon livre et tasse ? Rather, we have to say: Où sont mon livre et ma tasse ?

Possessive adjectives Practice

Random spot check complete! Now, here’s some exercise for all the wonderful possessive adjectives we’ve learned prior to I send friend on her way.

Check the end the following online quizzes: friend can discover some to start on About French and also To discover French. Once you’re done v those, examine out additional material ~ above Quia and ProProfs!

Isn’t it time you made French possessive adjectives yours?

Just no my coffee.

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