In this lesson, we will study the Ancien Régime. This term commonly refers come the structure, politics, and also powers the French society before the French Revolution.
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The Ancien Régime Defined
France, before the French Revolution, to be a really different location than France after the French Revolution. In this lesson, we"re walking to explore what France was favor in the Ancien Régime. This term, i m sorry is French for "old order," is regularly used to explain the structures, politics, and also powers of French society before the French Revolution. The term was coined throughout the revolution by people who were looking ago to the old job either through scorn or v a desire because that the means things were.
Classes, Classes, and an ext Classes
French society in the Ancien Régime was split into a hierarchy, or ladder, of several distinctive social classes. On the height rung, we find the king, who asserted to dominance the nation absolutely by magnificent right, or the will certainly of God. Every the civilization of France were his subjects, and he organized the strength of law in his person. In ~ least, he believed he did. In actuality, the king relied quite a lot of on the assistance of the nobility and France"s governmental structures. ~ above the night of the revolution, luigi XVI was France"s reigning monarch.
Next came the First Estate - the Catholic Church. France was a Catholic nation to the core, and also the Church was in charge of the nation"s religious life and also charitable works, education, and also record keeping. The Church, i beg your pardon was exempt from taxation, was really wealthy, and some people within the Church came to be corrupt. The higher clergy, choose bishops and also archbishops, were often advisers to the king and also held an abundance of politics power. Reduced clergy, choose parish priests, were an ext involved in the resides of the common people, and also they could better identify v the sufferings and struggles that the reduced classes.
As we relocate down the ladder just a little bit, we find the Second Estate - the nobility. Nobles were people with hereditary titles choose duke, count, viscount, baron, and chevalier. Some noble family members came native a armed forces background, stretching ago to the job of the middle ages knights. Others organized top positions in government. Quiet others had once to be commoners and also purchased their titles through wealth they had actually earned through commerce. Many nobles were land owners with big estates, and also many were very wealthy. They stayed in luxury through the ideal of everything, from garments to arts to entertainment. As a whole, the the aristocracy was a privileged course that exercised significant power, however avoided taxation.
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On the bottom the the ladder, we uncover the Third Estate - the typical people. When this course made up about 96% of the population, also it to be divided. The bourgeoisie were the wealthier commoners, who were affiliated in service or various other professions. They had some money and also could occasionally purchase a noble rank or a lower-level government office. They often resented higher classes and especially the burdensome taxation that fell heavily top top them.
At the an extremely lowest rung were the peasants. These people worked the floor of the nobles chateaus or crowded into cities to scrape out resides as labourers or beggars. They had actually trouble making enough money come buy straightforward necessities such as food and clothing however were heavily taxed nonetheless.
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