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You are watching: Compare and contrast existential and gestalt therapy

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. Short Interventions and also Brief Therapies because that Substance Abuse. Rockville (MD): substance Abuse and also Mental wellness Services administration (US); 1999. (Treatment improvement Protocol (TIP) Series, No. 34.)


Humanistic and existential psychotherapies use a wide range of viewpoints to caseconceptualization, therapeutic goals, intervention strategies, and researchmethodologies. They room united by focus on understanding person experience anda focus on the client rather 보다 the symptom. Psychological troubles (includingsubstance abuse disorders) are regarded as the an outcome of inhibited capability to makeauthentic, meaningful, and also self-directed choices around how to live. Consequently,interventions are aimed in ~ increasing client self-awareness and also self-understanding.

Whereas the an essential words for humanistic therapy space acceptance andgrowth, the significant themes of gift therapy space clientresponsibility and also freedom. This chapterbroadly defines some that the significant concepts of these two therapeutic approaches anddescribes exactly how they deserve to be applied to brief therapy in the therapy of substanceabuse disorders. A brief case illustrates exactly how each theory would approach theclient"s issues. Countless of the characteristics of this therapies have beenincorporated into other therapeutic approaches such together narrative therapy.

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Humanistic and also existential approaches share a id that civilization have the capacityfor self-awareness and also choice. However, the two schools come to this belief throughdifferent theories. The humanistic view views human nature as usually good,with an natural potential to keep healthy, coherent relationships and to makechoices that are in the attention of oneself and also others. The humanity therapistfocuses on helping people totally free themselves from disabling assumptions and also attitudesso they can live fuller lives. The therapist emphasizes expansion andself-actualization quite than curing diseases or alleviating disorders. Thisperspective targets present mindful processes fairly than unconscious processesand previous causes, however like the gift approach, the holds that civilization have aninherent capacity for responsible self-direction. Because that the humanity therapist, notbeing one"s true me is the resource of problems. The therapeutic relationship servesas a automobile or paper definition in which the process of psychological expansion is fostered.The humanity therapist do the efforts to develop a therapeutic relationship that is warmth andaccepting and also that trusts the the client"s inner drive is come actualize in a healthydirection.

The existentialist, top top the various other hand, is much more interested in helping the client findphilosophical definition in the confront of anxiety by picking to think and actauthentically and also responsibly. Follow to gift therapy, the centralproblems human being face are installed in stress and anxiety over loneliness, isolation, despair,and, ultimately, death. Creativity, love, authenticity, and free will are recognizedas potential methods toward transformation, permitting people to live meaningful livesin the challenge of uncertainty and also suffering. Anyone suffers losses (e.g., friendsdie, relationships end), and these losses cause anxiety because they are remindersof human being limitations and also inevitable death. The existential therapist recognizes thathuman affect is shame by biology, culture, and luck. Existential treatment assumesthe belief that people"s difficulties come from no exercising selection and judgmentenough--or fine enough--to forge an interpretation in their lives, and also that every individual isresponsible for making meaning out the life. External forces, however, might contributeto the individual"s restricted ability to exercise choice and live a coherent life.For the gift therapist, life is much much more of a confrontation with negativeinternal forces than it is for the humanity therapist.

In general, brief therapy demands the rapid development of a therapeutic alliancecompared with long-term treatment modalities. This therapies attend to factorsshaping substance abuse disorders, such as absence of definition in one"s life, fear ofdeath or failure, alienation native others, and spiritual emptiness. Humanity andexistential therapies pass through at a depths level to issues related come substanceabuse disorders, frequently serving as a catalyst because that seeking alternatives to substancesto to fill the void the customer is experiencing. The counselor"s empathy and acceptance,as well together the insight obtained by the client, add to the client"s restore byproviding methods for she to make new existential choices, start with aninformed decision to use or abstain indigenous substances. This therapies can include for theclient a dimension of self-respect, self-motivation, and self-growth the willbetter facilitate his treatment. Humanistic and also existential therapeutic approachesmay be particularly appropriate for momentary substance abuse treatment becausethey tend to facilitate therapeutic rapport, rise self-awareness, emphasis onpotential inside resources, and also establish the client as the person responsible forrecovery. Thus, clients may be an ext likely come see beyond the restrictions ofshort-term treatment and also envision recovery as a lifelong procedure of functioning to reachtheir complete potential.

Because these viewpoints attempt to address the underlying determinants of substance abusedisorders, they might not constantly directly face substance abuse itself. Provided thatthe problem abuse is the main presenting problem and should remain in theforeground, this therapies room most successfully used in conjunction with moretraditional therapies for substance abuse disorders. However, plenty of of theunderlying ethics that have been developed to support these therapies deserve to beapplied to nearly any various other kind of treatment to facilitate the client-therapistrelationship.