Key distinction – Chitin vs Cellulose  

Cellulose and also chitin room two structure polymers discovered in nature. Cellulose is a polysaccharide make from linear chains that D-glucose monomers. Chitin is also an essential compound composed of amendment glucose monomers which room derivatives the glucose well-known as N-acetylglucosamines. Cellulose is the many abundant necessary polymer found on Earth. Chitin is second only come cellulose indigenous its diversity on Earth. The key difference between cellulose and also chitin is that cellulose is the far-reaching structural polymer in the primary cell walls of the tree cells when chitin is the key structural polymer uncovered in the fungal cabinet wall.

You are watching: Cellulose and chitin structure and function

CONTENTS

1. Rundown and an essential Difference2. What is Chitin3. What is Cellulose4. Similarities between Chitin and Cellulose5. Next by side Comparison – Chitin vs Cellulose in Tabular Form6. Summary

What is Chitin?

Chitin is a polymer which is created of amendment glucose monomers referred to as N-acetylglucosamines. The is an abundant structural polymer i m sorry is 2nd only to cellulose by abundance. Chitin is existing on fungal cell walls, exoskeletons the arthropods and insects. The chemical formula the chitin is (C8H13O5N)n. Albert Hofmann figured out the structure of chitin in 1929. Chitin is an un-branched structural polysaccharide i beg your pardon contributes to strengthening and also protecting organisms.


Figure 01: Chitin Structure


Other than the structural and also protective functions, chitin has actually several other functions. Chitin acts together a flocculating agent because that wastewater treatment, acts together a wound heal agent, acts as a thickener and stabilizer for foods and pharmaceuticals, etc. And chitin is additionally used in dyes, adhesives, sizing and also strengthening agents for papers.


What is Cellulose?

Cellulose is the many abundant essential polymer on Earth. It is a polysaccharide composed of hundreds come thousands of straight chains (nonbranched) the D-glucose monomers. The is a structure organic compound. Cellulose can be commonly found in the primary cell wall surface of the tree cells to administer the rigidity to plants. Cellulose is the crucial structural link responsible because that the strength and toughness of the plant leaves, roots, and also stems. And additionally in algae and oomycetes, cellulose is found. The chemical formula of the cellulose is (C6H10O5)n. And also it was first isolated in 1834 by the French chemist Anselme Payen.


Figure 02: Cellulose Fibers


Since cellulose is a complex polymer, most pets including human being cannot digest cellulose. Only herbivores are qualified of digestion of cellulose easily due to their unique digestive sacs. Cellulose synthase is the enzyme i m sorry synthesizes cellulose right into plants. Wood, cotton, and paper are well-off in cellulose. Cellulose is a major source that fiber in our diet i m sorry affects human health. Certain bacteria develop cellulose for the formation of biofilms and also cell aggregation.

What space the Similarities in between Chitin and also Cellulose?

Chitin and cellulose are both make from glucose monomers.Both are structural polymers.Both are linear polymers.Both room polysaccharides.Both room fiber-forming.Chitin and also cellulose are insoluble in water.

What is the Difference in between Chitin and also Cellulose?


Chitin vs Cellulose

Chitin is a structural organic polymer make from modified glucose monomers.Cellulose is a structural organic polymer created of direct chains that glucose monomers.
Chemical Formula
The chemistry formula the chitin is (C8H13O5N)nThe chemistry formula that cellulose is (C6H10O5)n.
Type that Polymer
Chitin is a polymer the N-acetylglucosamine (derivative the glucose).Cellulose is a polymer the glucose.
Location
Chitin is found mainly in cell walls of fungi, and likewise in the exoskeleton that arthropods and mollusks.Cellulose is uncovered mainly in cell walls of plant cells.
Abundance
Chitin is much less abundant than celluloses.Cellulose is the many abundant organic link on Earth.
Amyl Group
Chitin has an amyl team as a substitution in the glucose molecule.Cellulose has a hydroxyl team in the glucose molecule.
Nitrogen Molecules 
Chitin has nitrogen molecules in that structure.Cellulose does not contain nitrogen in that is structure
 Hardness and also Stabile
 Chitin is hard and stabile 보다 cellulose. Cellulose is less hard and also stabile 보다 chitin.

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Summary – Chitin vs Cellulose 

Chitin and cellulose are most abundant structural organic polymers discovered on Earth. Cellulose is the primary compound of the cell walls of the plant cells. Chitin is the main compound that the cell wall surfaces of the fungi and also exoskeletons the arthropods. Cellulose is a polymer written of D-glucose monomers. Chitin is a long polymer of N-acetylglucosamine. Both chitin and cellulose are necessary for the strength and also protection that organisms. Both compounds space insoluble in water. This is the difference in between chitin and cellulose.

Download the PDF version of Chitin vs Cellulose

You have the right to download PDF version of this article and also use it for offline functions as every citation note. Please download PDF version here Difference between Chitin and Cellulose

Reference:

1.Maleki, Samaneh Sadat, et al. “Characterization that Cellulose synthetic in tree Cells.” The Scientific civilization Journal, Hindawi, 25 may 2016. Available here 2.“Function the Cellulose in Plants.” Actforlibraries.org. Accessible here 3.“Chitin.” Chitin – brand-new World Encyclopedia. Obtainable here

Image Courtesy:

1.’Chitin Haworth’By NEUROtiker – own work, (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia 2.’Figure 03 02 07’By CNX OpenStax, (CC by 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia


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Filed Under: Biochemistry Tagged With: cellulose, Cellulose Abundance, Cellulose AMyl Group, Cellulose chemistry Formula, Cellulose Definition, Cellulose Hardness, Cellulose Location, Cellulose Type, Chitin, Chitin Abundance, Chitin Amyl Group, Chitin and Cellulose Differences, Chitin and also Cellulose Similarities, Chitin chemical Formula, Chitin Definition, Chitin Hardness, Chitin Location, Chitin Type, Chitin vs Cellulose, to compare Chitin and Cellulose

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