I was notified that your names to be Dismas and Gestas. When I searched ~ above the Internet, ns got similar info.

Is it true that Dismas and Gestas to be the name of the 2 thieves? just how were the name identified?

If those room the names, then which one is with Jesus now?


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Gospel of Nicodemus

The earliest well-known record the the thieves" names wake up in the anonymous occupational which ultimately (several century later) ended up being known as the Gospel the Nicodemus. The work-related is usually orthodox in nature and was likely composed in the early-mid fourth century. The very first part of the job-related purports to be a translate in of the main trial document of Jesus" crucifixion, created by Pilate. Return few, if any, scholars consider it possible that the so-called Acts the Pilate reflects an really letter the Pilate, most do think it was a significantly earlier work incorporated into the Gospel that Nicodemus.

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The Acts the Pilate was likely written in the late second century. Earlier, around 155, Justin Martyr wrote:

And the these things did happen, you have the right to ascertain native the acts of Pontius Pilate. (The first Apology, Ch. 35)

thus arguing his reader consult the main trial log of Pilate. Whether together a log actually existed or Justin Martyr just assumed it did cannot be known. One of two people way, scholars usually think the Acts the Pilate was created to answer movie critics who to be calling for the file to be produced.

There space two thief i of Gospel that Nicodemus, both found in the Acts section. The textual heritage of Gospel that Nicodemus is fairly corrupt, bring about two fairly different readings.

The an initial passage reads, in the much better attested (Greek) version of Nicodemus:

Then Pilate notified the curtain that the tribunal where he to be sitting to be drawn, and says come Jesus: Your nation has charged you through being a king. On this account ns sentence you, very first to be scourged, follow to the it spreads widely of venerable kings, and also then to be fastened top top the overcome in the garden where you were seized. And let Dysmas and also Gestas, the two malefactors, be crucified v you. (Ch. 9)

The other version is not substantially different. The 2nd passage reads:

And among the malefactors hanging up spoke to Him, saying: If you space the Christ, conserve yourself and us. And also Dysmas answering, reproved him, saying: do you not fear God, since you are in the exact same condemnation? and we without doubt justly, because that we obtain the fit punishment of our deeds; however this man has actually done no evil. (Ch. 10)

the various other (Latin) version reads more straight-forward, not incorporating the Gospel-like language:

And in prefer manner did they come the 2 thieves who were crucified with him, Dimas ~ above his right hand and also Gestas top top his left.

Later accounts

The Arabic Infancy Gospel, written roughly the 6th century, and also The stare of Joseph that Arimathea, date unknown however probably later than that, greatly broaden the story.

In the Infancy Gospel, "Titus and Dumachus" meet the Holy family members on their way to Egypt and also Titus, the an excellent thief, convinces Dumachus not to physically damage the family. The young Jesus climate prophesizes:

Thirty years hence, O mine mother, the Jews will certainly crucify me in ~ Jerusalem, and also these 2 robbers will certainly be elevated upon the cross along with me, Titus on my appropriate hand and Dumachus on mine left; and after the day Titus shall go prior to me right into Paradise.

The The rigid of Joseph of Arimathea is most likely dependent top top Gospel that Nicodemus. It includes some details about Demas" (so spelled in this account) life:

He was referred to as Demas, and also was by bear a Galilæan, and also kept an inn. He made assaults upon the rich, yet was an excellent to the poor— a thief favor Tobit, because that he hidden the body of the poor. And also he collection his hand come robbing the multitude of the Jews, and also stole the law itself in Jerusalem, and stripped naked the daughter of Caiaphas, that was priestess that the sanctuary, and took far from its ar the mysterious deposit itself inserted there by Solomon.

and has actually a really long, in-depth of Demas" confession of faith.

In Codex Rehdigeranus (8th century), the names Joathas and also Maggatras are put into the Gospel account. In Codex Colbertinus (12 century), the name Zoatham and also Camma are put into Mark and also the names Zoatham and also Chammatha are placed into Matthew. The 17th century Codez Bezae has Gemas and also Demas.1

Analysis

It seems virtually every account gives different names come the thieves. This highly suggests that the names were made up. They most likely were no known even in the really early church, together there really would have actually been tiny reason for anyone associated with Jesus to have known the various other criminal"s. Lock were just random criminals - not associated with Jesus" psychological or anything favor that.

Additionally, there is a strong tendency in apocryphal messages to offer names to nameless figures and also otherwise fill in "missing" details the the canonical Gospels. The very same thing practically certainly happened here. The Greek name Dysmas, probably derives from the word dysme which method "sinking" or "setting", thus arguing "dying".2 This says that the surname may have actually been invented to right the context.

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So the actual answer is, "we don"t know." If we insist on names then Dismas (or Dysmas) because that the repentant thief and also Gestas because that the unrepentant one is the ideal we can do. That is the faster account and also there is tiny chance the Acts the Pilate has actually a historical core.